Why a Sikh says:
“Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh”
THE GREETINGS “Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh” is to be exchanged whenever two Sikhs meet each other. Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji has said,
“My face will be towards that person who says it first. My back will be towards that person who says it afterwards. I will be in between both of them, if both of them says it together.”
Hence, in order to spread the message of brotherhood, we
should say Fateh together.
The significance of “Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa Waheguru
Ji Ki Fateh” according to Gurbani.
The meaning of this slogan is that Khalsa belongs to Waheguru and also the victory (Fateh) belongs to Waheguru. This is a simple way of teaching the basics of Sikhi to a lay man.
The word Waheguru is used to specify God. However, the basic definition of Waheguru is as given below in the Mool Mantar:
ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ
ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ ॥
ਆਦਿ ਸਚੁ ਜੁਗਾਦਿ ਸਚੁ ॥
ਹੈ ਭੀ ਸਚੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਹੋਸੀ ਭੀ ਸਚੁ ॥੧॥
ONE UNIVERSAL CREATOR GOD. THE NAME IS TRUTH. The Truth is One (Waheguruji is One [God is One])
Whose Name Is Truth
Only The Truth can give Creation existence
The Truth is a Timeless/shapeless Form
The Truth does not go through the cycle of birth and death
The Truth is Self Existent
By The Guru’s Grace The Truth is Obtained
Waheguruji [Truth, God] was True in the beginning
Waheguruji was True in the Primal Age
Waheguruji is True now Also
O Nanak [Says Nanak] True Shall Waheguruji be Forever.
For specifying the name of God, the word Akal Purkh or Waheguru have been used in Sikhi. There are countless names by which Akal Purkh have been used in Gurbani.
The second part of this greetings says, “Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh”. That means
the victory, or achievement, belongs to Waheguru and not to any person. This greeting completely eliminates the ego from the person who is saying, as well as
who is listening. Once ego is gone, then one can achieve anything in life.
There is another psychological effect of using the word “Fateh”. When a person utters the word “Fateh”, an inherent impression is created in his mind to always strive for success. This becomes one‟s habit, to always work hard to achieve the set goals. Hence, the person always remains in “Chardi Kala”. This is the reason, why Sikhs could sacrifice for the sake of their religion and successfully complete difficult tasks, which normal persons may not have the capacity to achieve.