Types of Headaches


According to a research, in America alone, over 45 million people complain chronic headaches, of these , 28 million have migraines . At least 20% of children also suffer headaches.

Types of Headaches:
You will be surprised to know that there are at least 150 diagnostic headache categories,that have been established so far. List of the most common headaches are given below.

Chronic Daily headaches: Also called tension headaches or chronic non-progressive headaches, these are the most common type of headaches among adults and adolescents. These muscle contraction headaches cause mild to moderate pain and come and go over a prolonged period of time.

Migraines: Migraine headaches are related to blood vessel contractions and other changes in the brain as well as inherited abnormalities in certain areas of the brain. Its pain is moderate to severe, usually described as pounding, throbbing pain. They sometimes stay for 4 hours and sometimes they don’t go even in 3 days and typically occur 1 to 4 times per month. Light sensitivity; noise or odors; nausea or vomiting; loss of appetite; and stomach upset or abdominal pain are the symptoms related to migraines. A child who is having migraine often looks pale, feel dizzy, have blurred vision, fever, stomach upset, in addition to having the above listed symptoms.
Abdominal migraines include cyclic gastrointestinal symptoms, and throwing up is the most common among its symptoms. Cyclic vomiting means that the symptoms occur regularly about once a month. A small percentage of pediatric migraine headache include these types of symptoms.

Transformed Migraines: This is also known as mixed headache, a painful combination of migraine and tension headaches. Adults as well as children suffer this type of headache.

Cluster headache syndrome: A very rare but the most severe, type of primary headache, the pain of a cluster headache is lethal and may be understood as having a burning or piercing quality that is throbbing or constant. The pain is so severe that most cluster headache sufferers cannot sit still and will often pace during an attack. The pain is located behind one eye or in the eye region, without shifting sides. This headache attacks repeatedly like one to three times per day during a cluster period and this sometimes last 2 weeks to 3 months, and because of this characteristic this headache is given the name “cluster headache”. The headaches may disappear completely (go into “remission”) for months or years, only to recur.

Sinus headaches: This is a deep and constant pain in the cheekbones, forehead or bridge of the nose. The pain sharply increases with sudden head movement or straining. Nasal discharge, feeling of fullness in the ears, fever, and facial swelling are all associated with sinus headaches.

Acute headaches: Usually children experience these headaches; these are headaches that attack all of a sudden and for the first time and its symptoms doesn’t stay for long. Acute headaches usually result in a visit to the pediatrician’s office and/or the emergency room. If there are no neurological signs or symptoms, respiratory or sinus infection is the most common cause of these headaches.

Hormone headaches: Women usually suffer from headaches which occur because of some hormonal changes in their bodies during menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. In some women artificially induced hormones, such as birth control pills, also trigger headaches.

Traction headaches: Also called chronic progressive headaches or inflammatory headaches, chronic progressive headaches get worse and happen more often over time. These are the least common type of headache, accounting for less than 5% of all headaches in adults and less than 2% headaches in kids. Traction headaches may be the after affect of an illness or disorder of the brain or skull.