History of Subhash Chandra Bose

Jaswinder Singh Baidwan

Akhran da mureed
Staff member
Life History of Subhash Chandra Bose : Father of the Indian Freedom


Preface

Subhash Chandra Bose was one of India’s greatest freedom fighter. He revived the Indian National Army, popularly known as ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ in 1943 which was initially formed in 1942 by Rash Behari Bose. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose had visited London during pre-independence period to discuss the future of India, with the members of the Labor party. His sudden disappearance from Taiwan, led to surfacing of various theories, unfortunately none of which were investigated thoroughly by successive governments; leaving people in the dark about one of the most beloved leaders India has ever produced.

Life history of Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January, 1897 in Cuttack (Orissa) to Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. Janakinath Bose was one of the successful lawyer in Cuttack and received the title of “Rai Bahadur”. He, later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council.

Subhash Chandra Bose was a very intelligent and sincere student but never had much interest in sports. He passed his B.A. in Philosophy from the Presidency College in Calcutta. He was strongly influenced by Swami Vivekananda’s teachings and was known for his patriotic zeal as a student. He also adored Vivekananda as his spiritual Guru.

Start of the opposition to British by Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose decided to take revenge, after reading so many incidents about the exploitation of the fellow Indians by the British. In 1916, Subhash reportedly beat and thrashed one of his British teachers E F Otten. The professor made a racist remark against the Indian students. As a result, Subhash Chandra Bose was expelled from the Presidency College and banished from Calcutta University. The incident brought Subhash in the list of rebel-Indians. In December 1921, Bose was arrested and imprisoned for organizing a boycott of the celebrations to mark the Prince of Wales’s visit to India.

Subhash Chandra Bose in Britain for ICS and return to India

Subhash Chandra Bose at young age
Subhash Chandra Bose at young age

Subhash Chandra Bose’s father wanted him to become a civil servant and therefore, sent him to England to appear for the Indian Civil Service Examination. Bose was placed fourth with highest marks in English. But his urge for participating in the freedom movement was intense that in April 1921, Bose resigned from the coveted Indian Civil Service and came back to India. Soon, he left home to become an active member of India’s independence movement. He, later joined the Indian National Congress, and also elected as the president of the Youth wing party.

Subhash Chaandra Bose with Congress

Subhash Chandra Bose worked under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das, an active member of Congress in Calcutta. It was Chittaranjan Das, who along with Motilal Nehru, left Congress and founded the Swaraj Party in 1922. Subhash would regard Chittaranjan Das as his political guru.

While Chittaranjan Das was busy in developing the national strategy, Subhash Chandra Bose played a major role in enlightening the students, youth and labourers of Calcutta. He was eagerly waiting to see India, as an independent, federal and republic nation.

Subhash Chandra Bose Vs. Congress

In freedom struggle congress was large organisation. Subhash Chandra Bose became a strong leader in Congress and he made brave attempt to mould the entire party differently. Congress party was always lenient and never in a position to oppose. Saubhashbabu outrightly opposed this behaviour. This opposition was against Gandhi‘s philosophy. Therefore Mahatma Gandhi and other leaders were hurt and since then they opposed him.

Congress party had undertaken a mission of opposing his every thought, insulting him and to stifle his highflying ambitions. In this manoeuvre of congress many a time he felt suffocated. Once there was a picture of ‘Subhash Chandra Bose against entire congress party’. It was first election of congress that time. Usually closer aide of Mahatma Gandhi used to get elected; but this time Subhash Chandra Bose got elected with higher votes. This insulted Gandhi group, which lead to their less interest of thinking towards parties campaign for independence.

In order to acknowledge outside support and get freedom he journeyed to far away Germany, Japan when it was period of 2nd world war! He decided to induce soldiers from outside to get freedom. Nehru at that time said “If Subhash would bring soldiers from outside and enter India, then I would be the first person to wield a sword and oppose him.” That was the extent to which he detested Subhash babu.

Formation of Azad Hind Fauj by Subhash Chandra Bose

Netaji with Azad Hind Fauj
Netaji with Azad Hind Fauj

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was against rendering any kind of help to the British during the World War II. He warned them so. The second World War broke out in September of 1939, and just as predicted by Bose, India was declared as a warring state (on behalf of the British) by the Governor General, without consulting Indian leaders. The Congress party was in power in seven major states and all state governments resigned in protest.

Subhash Chandra Bose now started a mass movement against utilizing Indian resources and men for the great war. To him, it made no sense to further bleed poor Indians for the sake of colonial and imperial nations. There was a tremendous response to his call and the British promptly imprisoned him . He took to a hunger-strike, and after his health deteriorated on the 11th day of fasting, he was freed and was placed under house arrest. The British could do nothing except locking him in the prison.

It was in 1941, that Subhash Chandra Bose suddenly disappeared. The authorities did not come to know for many days that he was not in his Barrack (the house in which he was being guarded). He traveled by foot, car and train and resurfaced in Kabul (now in Afghanistan), only to disappear once again. In November 1941, his broadcast from German radio sent shock waves among the British and electrified the Indian masses who realized that their leader was working on a master plan to free their motherland. It also gave fresh confidence to the revolutionaries in India who were challenging the British in many ways.

The Axis powers (mainly Germany) assured Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose military and other help to fight the British. Japan by this time had grown into another strong world power, occupying key colonies of Dutch, French, and British colonies in Asia. Netaji Bose had struck alliance with Germany and Japan. He rightly felt that his presence in the East would help his countrymen in freedom struggle and second phase of his saga began. It is told that he was last seen on land near Kiel canal in Germany, in the beginning of 1943. A most hazardous journey was undertaken by him under water, covering thousands of miles, crossing enemy territories. He was in the Atlantic, the Middle East, Madagascar and the Indian ocean. Battles were being fought over land, in the air and there were mines in the sea. At one stage he traveled 400 miles in a rubber dingy to reach a Japanese submarine, which took him to Tokyo. He was warmly received in Japan and was declared the head of the Indian army, which consisted of about 40,000 soldiers from Singapore and other eastern regions. These soldiers were united by another great revolutionary Rash Behari Bose. Rash Behari handed over them to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Netaji Bose called it the Indian National Army (INA) and a government by the name “Azad Hind Government” was declared on the 21st of October 1943. INA freed the Andaman and Nicobar islands from the British and were renamed as Swaraj and Shaheed islands. The Government started functioning.

Subhash Chandra Bose wanted to free India from the Eastern front. He had taken care that Japanese interference was not present from any angle. Army leadership, administration and communications were managed by Indians only. Subhash Brigade, Azad Brigade and Gandhi Brigade were formed. INA marched through Burma and occupied Coxtown on the Indian Border. A touching scene ensued when the solders entered their ‘free’ motherland. Some lay down and kissed, some placed pieces of mother earth on their heads, others wept. They were now inside India and were determined to drive out the British! Delhi Chalo (Let’s march to Delhi) was the war cry.

The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki changed the history of mankind. Japan had to surrender.

Effect of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s earlier visits to England

During his sojourn to England, he met with the leaders of British Labor Party and political thinkers including Clement Attlee, Arthur Greenwood, Harold Laski, G.D.H. Cole, and Sir Stafford Cripps. Bose also discuss with them about the future of India. It must also be noted that it was during the regime of the Labor Party (1945-1951), with Attlee as the Prime Minister, that India gained independence.

Disappearance of Subhash Chandra Bose

Although it was believed that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane crash, his body was never recovered. There have been many theories put forward regarding his disappearance. The government of India set up a number of committees to investigate the case and come out with truth.

In May 1956, the Shah Nawaz Committee visited Japan to look into the situation of Bose’s assumed death. Citing their lack of political relations with Taiwan, the Centre, did not seek for the assistance from their government. The reports of Justice Mukherjee Commission, tabled in Parliament on 17 May, 2006 said, “Bose did not die in the plane crash and the ashes at Renkoji temple are not his”. However, the findings were rejected by the government of India.​
 

Jaswinder Singh Baidwan

Akhran da mureed
Staff member
Jb eni angreji mein skool toon hun tak ni padhi. In short dasde :lol
Subhash Chandra Bose gaayab ho gya c,, ohde baare Government kujh facts discolose karn laggi hai hun :-?

Its a mystery... ikk bande da ajj tak pta nhi laggya,, kithe gya kithe nhi...

ehnhu kehnde aa power of politics :hassa
 

Jaswinder Singh Baidwan

Akhran da mureed
Staff member
Netaji’s kin were spied on, reveal files declassified by Mamata govt



Sixty-four files related to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose declassified today by the West Bengal government show some of his family members were spied on in independent India but there was no clarity on whether he died in an air crash in 1945, as is widely believed.
Tucked away in police and government lockers for decades, the files containing 12,744 pages were declassified in the presence of Bose's family members, who have been demanding that information on Netaji, who went missing mysteriously 70 years ago, be made public. The files are kept in glass cascades in Kolkata Police Museum before they are made accessible to public from Monday.
A declassified file contained a letter written by Netaji's nephew Sisir Kumar Bose to his father and Netaji's elder brother Sarat Chandra Bose in 1949 that he had information on Netaji going on the air on a radio channel.
"Peking Radio announced that Subhas Chandra Bose would broadcast. The radio also gave details regarding the time and wavelength of the broadcast. The Hong Kong office tried to listen in according to the details but nothing could be heard. I have asked the guard to let me have further details if possible," he had written to his father from London on December 12, 1949. The letter was intercepted by the Kolkata police's intelligence bureau following a government order, according to the declassified files.
Netaji's grandnephew Chandra Bose said they had seen in the files that 14 IB officers were tasked to spy on his father Amiya Nath Bose.
"Even Congress leaders close to Netaji and officials of the Indian National Army (INA) were tracked. We have found it from the files," he claimed. “Why did the Indian government keep our family members, who were reputed citizens and well-known personalities, under surveillance? We demand an inquiry into this from the Central government,” he said.
Another letter written by Sarat Chandra Bose to one Miss Lilly Abegg of Switzerland on December 28, 1949, stated: "If you had heard in 1946 from Japanese sources that my brother (Subhas) was still living, it strengthens my conviction more than if you had heard it from British and American sources.”
The files also have a number of letters written by Sarat Bose and received by him, which were intercepted mostly at the general post office in the city or the post office at Elgin Road, where the family lived.
 

KARAN

Prime VIP
Azaadi to phila di ehoji politics chldi pyi aa kitho vadh ju agge aah. Jihda bnda thoda ulat lgda gayab kr jande. Enna vadde subhadh chandar bos da ni pta lga hor kise da ki bnu
 

Jaswinder Singh Baidwan

Akhran da mureed
Staff member
Secret files: Mystery surrounding Netaji’s death deepens



Following the declassification of 64 secret Netaji files by the West Bengal government, controversy has erupted yet again over the death of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. These files were locked up at the intelligence branch office of the Kolkata police for over past seven decades.
The files recorded the reports on the Netaji’s secret activities during the pre-independence period which were prepared by the police. Over a dozen officers were engaged for spying on the Netaji and some of his family members during that period.
Several documents relating to his death in a plane crash on August 18, 1945, at Taihoku airport were also there in the files, which Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee noticed.
However, she claimed these references suggested that the Netaji was not killed in the 1945 crash. She demanded that the Modi government should now declassify the remaining records kept in the New Delhi’s North Block to solve the mystery of his death.
But Prof Krishna Bose, the Netaji’s grand daughter- in-law and director of the Netaji Research Bureau, also a former TMC MP, still believed that the Netaji was killed in that crash. She herself did not find any record or reference during her research that contradict the reports of his death.
On the contrary, she found some concrete evidences and the records in the reports of the Shah Nawaz Committee, 1958, and the Khosla Inquiry Commission, 1970, which established the fact that the Netaji was killed in August 18, 1945 plane crash. Moreover, Anita, the Netaji’s daughter, met and talked to some of the survivors of the crash who told her that her father was killed in the crash.
Netaji’s wife Emily, also in a letter to Sarat Chandra Bose, admitted that the Netaji was killed in the 1945 plane crash and the letter is still preserved at the Netaji Research Bureau, Krishna Bose said.
Prof Saugata Bose, a research scholar on the Netaji, in his book established the fact that the Netaji was killed in the Taihoku plane accident in 1945. But another scholar, Dr Purabi Roy, contradicted the report and she claimed that the Netaji was in Russia even after 1945 when he was seeking Russia’s help for India’s freedom.
The Forward Bloc, which he founded after severing his ties with the Congress, still demanded that the Centre should now resolve all issues over the Netaji’s death through the substantial documents and evidences and ascertain the date of the Netaji’s death and the date be declared as a national holiday.
 

Parv

Prime VIP
baaki sab khoj ho gyi ,ik subaash chandra bose reh gye hun :lol
hun ki new plan aa :-? jehda ehna nu taqleef de rhe o :p
 

Jaswinder Singh Baidwan

Akhran da mureed
Staff member
Secret files reveal Netaji was alive in 1948

Kolkata, September 21
Freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was “alive” and “somewhere in Manchuria, China” in 1948, one of his trusted aides, Deb Nath Das, had claimed then, according to the declassified files by the West Bengal government.
Among the released dossier, file No. 22 sheds light on intelligence gathered by the Bengal government (office of the deputy commissioner of police), on INA leaders, including Das.
An extract dated August 9, 1948, says: “Deb Nath Das, an ex-INA leader who is actively engaged in anti-Congress propaganda, is preaching in political and party circles that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is alive and is somewhere in Manchuria, China at present.” “To rouse the curiosity and even belief of the people, he (Das) says that Netaji told him before the plane-crash that the possibility of a third world war would emerge in the wake of the second world war.” On August 22, 1945, Tokyo Radio announced the “death” of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in an air crash in Formosa (now Taiwan) on August 18, 1945, en route to Japan.
But the crash theory has been rejected by scores of Bose’s followers and admirers and claims of the revolutionary leader resurfacing continue to intrigue and divide Indians over the years. Adding to the controversy, the extract further states that Das had asserted that in 1948 Bose was keeping tabs on the international as well as national scenario.
 
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