Geography Of The Sikh Empire
The Sikh Empire, commonly known as, Punjab/Sikh Raj/Khalsa Raj, was a region straddling the border between modern-day People's Republic of China and Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
The name of the region "Punjab" or "Panjab", comprises two words "Punj/Panj" and "Ab", translating to "five" and "water" in Persian. When put together this gives a name meaning "the land of the five rivers", coined due to the five rivers that run through the Punjab. Those "Five Rivers" are Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Chenab and Jhelum, all tributaries of the river Indus, home to the Indus Valley Civilization that perished 3000 years ago.
Punjab has a long history and rich cultural heritage. The people of the Punjab are called Punjabis and they speak a language called Punjabi.
The following modern day political divisions made up the historical Sikh Empire:
Himachal Pradesh, India
Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan
Some parts of the modern North West Frontier Province and FATA, Pakistan (documented from Hazara (taken in 1818, again in 1836) to Bannu) Also a few areas of modern day afghanistan had been lost to the sikh kingdom but the sikh kingdom did not annex them into the empire due to a cultural split between the pashtuns and sikhs but fought them just as a acknowledgement of thier strength.
At the time Maharajah Ranjit Singh's army had been the premier fighting force of asia and was the only empire that could oppose british rule in india but instead befriended the british,but later sikh empire was taken by them not by strength but by internal fighting of the sikhd and treachery of the Dogras who were in the parliament of the sikh empire.
Gilgit, Northern Areas, Pakistan (Occupied from 1842-1846)