Udham Singh


Dhillon Sa'aB™
Staff member
Today someone said that Udham Singh mistakenly killed Michael O’Dwyer whereas the real culprit was Reginald Dyer who lead his troops into Jallianwala Bagh and commanded them to open fire.
Just to clear out things General Dwyer was the Lieutenant General of Punjab at that time. The plan of the Amritsar Massacre was formulated by him and other top British Bureaucrats in the Governor house. Reginald was just following Orders.
The idea was to teach Punjabis a lesson. Referring to the massacre Dwyer quoted “Punjabis were quick to take to heart the lessons that revolution was a dangerous game
He was proved gravely wrong when Sardar Udham Singh shot him dead in 1925.

Udham Singh after his arrest.



[FONT=&quot]Dwyer was very much responsible for the grusome incident. [/FONT]
Infact [FONT=&quot]this plan was formulated in the Government House, lahore, by Michael O'Dwyer and other top British bureaucrats both belonging to civil and military side. [/FONT][FONT=&quot]Lt.-Col. Smith was also present in this meeting.

source : wikipedia



ajj de din 13/june/1940,,,,,,,,,,,,,,udham singh ji nu fansi da hukkam

jalliyan wale baag da saka,
sun ke har dil de wichon angiyaar futte,
general dyer, firanggi, aaisa jor kita,
laatan daar gole jado aan shutte,
uddi raal te chaadran kaddkiyan see,
jado gollian ne shaatiyan aan lutte,

kayee maavan de puttar moye uthe,
seene laggiyan tez kattarian ni,
jihna bhenna nu veer na mille muddke,
paiyan rondiyan firran becharian ni,

kajj viahiyan naaran de sirran de moye baali,
khulle vaal te firran becharian ni,
udham sher takkiya, dillon neer futtiya,
chuk gollian michael o'dwyer shaati nawaalian ni,,,

pranam shaheed nu


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Both, Renignald Dyer and Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab, Sir Michael O’Dwyer ( whom Udham Singh assassinated ), had knighthood conferred on them.

Renignald Dyer shared the prejudices of Whites against coloured races. In Burma, for every White soldier killed by a sniper, they destroyed his entire village, killing everyone, including women and children. Coloured races were to him, as Kipling put it, "lesser breeds without the law". They deserved to be treated as naughty children and pinched on their bare bottoms if they behaved badly. It was with this kind of mindset that Colonel Reginald Dyer found himself posted in Jalandhar as Brigadier-General, with Amritsar in his military jurisdiction, when political agitation rose to a fever-pitch in the first few days of April 1919.

On April 10, the city went up in flames. Civil authorities and the police were unable to restore law and order. Without so much as a by your leave, Reginald Dyer came over from Jalandhar and put the city under military rule. All processions and meetings were banned. When he heard that a large crowd upwards of 20,000 people had assembled at Jallianwala Bagh—a seven-acre plot enclosed on all sides by high walls with only one narrow entrance—he marched his soldiers to the site. Then, without warning the assemblage to disperse, he ordered his men to open fire. The firing continued for 15 minutes, killing between 350 and 500 men, women and children. By then it was evening and a curfew had been imposed on the city. He left the dead with the dying and the grievously wounded where they were lying and drove back to his office-cum-bungalow in Rambagh. In those 15 minutes he had wiped out whatever little goodwill the British had in India.

Reginald Dyer never had any sense of guilt for what he had done. He had men flogged in public, crawl on their bellies in the lanes of Amritsar. He was convinced he had saved India for the British Empire. In this, he had the complete backing of the Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab, Sir Michael O’Dwyer.

He successfully exploited the Sikhs by bestowing favours on them and keeping them aloof from the the Hindus and Muslims. He visited the Golden Temple and was given a saropa by the Sarbrah, Aroor Singh, in the presence of Sundar Singh Majitha. He was offered conversion to Sikhism without having to grow his hair and beard or quit smoking. He politely declined the offer.

Reginald Dyer had many supporters in England. The English Morning Post opened a fund for him. So did British-owned papers in India: The Statesman, The Pioneer and The Civil and Military Gazette, and Rangoon Times. Contributions poured in, till the total was close to £30,000. In addition, he was even presented a Sword of Honour for saving India for the British Empire.

He suffered a severe stroke which he survived it to live another five years, pushed around in a wheelchair, keeping awake all day and night, reading. His died a natural but painful death on Saturday, July 23, 1925.


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