The Indian Vedic Literature


-- Kem da Gui --
well i m studying india's religion's history in Punjab University these days and the head of the history department who is a PHD in Indian History and a well known Indian historian as well ,taught us the vedas 3 days back. so i m sharing the information with u people.

The Indian historians found that the time between 1800-1100 B.C known as the vedic period was the time when major texts of ancient India were written. these texts are known as vedic texts. These texts were written for common man to teach them the way of living.

VEDIC LITERATURE:- the literature written in the vedic times ( 1800 - 1100 B.C)
  • written in 4<sup>th</sup> A.D
  • main hold in the period between 4<sup> </sup>A.D to 1100 B.C
  • all the Vedas are in the form of written texts.
  • the transmission of knowledge of Vedas was done orally.
  • various techniques were evolved for oral transmission of vedic knowledge.
Vedic literature is divided into 2 forms:-

A.SHRUTI :- shruti is the literature revealed to the people.

SHRUTI includes 4 samhitas ( HYMNS or SHALOKS).
1.RIG VED :-
Rig ved consists of 10 mandalas , 1028 hymns,
The hymns present in rig ved are used to worship Nature.
These hymns talk about goodness of almighty and greatness of nature.
Rig ved is believed to be composed during 1000 B.C

Importance:- people were taught to respect nature and its greatness so that people should live in peace and harmony.

Concept of development:- people were living happily with each other. Food was abundandtly available to them from the forest resources so in order to thank the nature to thank its grace ness it was developed.

Saam ved consists of rules which are set for hymns.
These rules are musical in nature. These rules tells us how the hymns which are present in the RIG ved need to be pronounced. Basically it has the rules about the hymns that how they should be sung.

In saam ved the words SA, SH and SHA of hindi are clearly differentiated from each other.

Only special persons were allowed to mug up these hymns and only they knew how to sing them. These priests are known as UDGATAR PRIESTS i.e. the priests who speak or sing.

Importance:- special musical ways to sing different hymns helps in remembering the hymns as well as they used to effect the persons singing them physically too. While singing the hymns in particular well defined manner physical strength is used and it helps in exercising also. Example:- Surya namaskar the way it is sung helps in proper breathing techniques which helps the human body.

Concept of development:- basically to make the rig ved more popular among the masses so musical rules were made and to help the people learn them so that they get to know the proper way to live in peace and harmony.

it is made up of incantations i.e. some important words which need to be repeated again and again to invoke some special powers or Ritual recitation of verbal charms or spells to produce a magic effect. Different spells have different powers.
Its first time in the history of the Vedas that poems were included.
Yajur veda is basically used for sacrifices.

Priests known as ADWARYO PRIESTS were used for yajur ved.

Importance:- used to make the nature happy through sacrifices so that peace could be retained

Concept of development:- it was developed only when people started to think that evil is growing and goodness is becoming lesser day by day so the nature and the almighty is not happy from them that is why more evil is seen around so therefore sacrifices and spells were developed to make the nature happy and retain peace and harmony.

4. ATHARVA VED:- It is written around 900 B.C.
This ved deals with black magic.
Consists of spells and incantations.

Importance:- used by the people against each other for their own purposes.

Concept of development:- the concept behind this ved is that people started to believe if we can make the nature happy by sacrificing and using special spells then why not we can use some new spells and do sacrifices for our own purposes.

All of these are the Vedas.


Well Indian historians have found that these texts were developed over a period of time and there development is greatly influenced by the living standards of the people of those periods.

Rig ved was developed first and at that time when people were living happily and peacefully so it consists of hymns all the nature’s goodness and its grace ness .

Later on with the passage of time SAAM ved was developed so that it helps the people in remembering those texts and singing them beautifully in a musical way.

And later on with the passage of time when nature’s calamities used to occur more often and people started to think that the nature or the almighty is not happy from them and their bad deeds so YAJUR ved came into existence so that spells and sacrifices could be used to make the nature happy and peace could be retained.

Later on when attacks used to happen on people and when dishonesty and all started to emerge amongst the people a ved known as ATHARVA ved got developed which all deals with black magic so that people can use them against others for their own purposes.

Nowhere in the history is written that these texts were originally religious. In the early 19<sup>th</sup> century these texts were made religious when certain people of society started to make claims over them.