proud to be an Indian!!!

GeNie_iN_a_boTtLe

~~brOwn sUg@~~
FACTS TO MAKE EVERY Indian PROUD

Q. Who is the GM of Hewlett Packard (hp) ?
A. Rajiv Gupta



Q. Who is the creator of Pentium chip (needs no introduction as 90% of the today's computers run on it)?
A. Vinod Dahm



Q. Who is the third richest man on the world?
A. According to the latest report on Fortune Magazine, it is Azim Premji, who is the CEO of Wipro Industries. The Sultan of Brunei is at 6 th position now.



Q. Who is the founder and creator of Hotmail (Hotmail is world's No.1 web based email program)?
A. Sabeer Bhatia



Q. Who is the president of AT & T-Bell Labs (AT & T-Bell Labs is the creator of program languages such as C, C++, Unix to name a few)?
A. Arun Netravalli


Q. Who is the new MTD (Microsoft Testing Director) of Windows 2000, responsible to iron out all initial problems?
A. Sanjay Tejwrika



Q. Who are the Chief Executives of CitiBank, Mckensey & Stanchart?
A. Victor Menezes, Rajat Gupta, and Rana Talwar.



Q. We Indians are the wealthiest among all ethnic groups in America, even faring better than the whites and the natives.
There are 3.22 millions of Indians in USA (1.5% of population) . YET,
38% of doctors in USA are Indians.
12% scientists in USA are Indians.
36% of NASA scientists are Indians.
34% of Microsoft employees are Indians.
28% of IBM employees are Indians.
17% of INTEL scientists are Indians.
13% of XEROX employees are! Indians.


Some of the following facts may be known to you. These facts were recently published in a German magazine, which deals with WORLD HISTORY

FACTS ABOUT INDIA.
1. India never invaded any country in her last 1000 years of history.
2. India invented the Number system. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
3. The world's first University was established in Takshila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4 th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
4. According to the Forbes magazine, Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software.

5. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans.
6. Although western media portray modern images of India as poverty striken and underdeveloped through political corruption, India was once the richest empire on earth.

7. The art of navigation was born in the river Sindh 5000 years ago. The very word "Navigation" is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH.
8. The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is now k! nown as the Pythagorean Theorem. British scholars have last year (1999) officially published that Budhayan's works dates to the 6 th Century which is long before the European mathematicians.

9. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India . Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11 th Century; the largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 10 6 whereas Indians used numbers as big as 10 53.
10. According to the Gemmological Institute of America, up until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds to the world.

11. USA based IEEE has proved what has been a century-old suspicion amongst academics that the pioneer of wireless communication was Pr! ofessor Jagdeesh Bose and not Marconi.
12. The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra.

13. Chess was invented in India .
14. Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted surgeries like cesareans, cataract, fractures and urinary stones. Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient India .
15. When many cultures in the world were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley ( Indus Valley Civilisation).
16. The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.



Quotes about India .
We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.

Albert Einstein.



India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend and the great grand mother of tradition.
Mark Twain.


If there is one place on the face of earth where all dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India .

French scholar Romain Rolland.

India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.

Hu Shih
(former Chinese ambassador to USA )

ALL OF THE ABOVE IS JUST THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG, THE LIST COULD BE ENDLESS.
BUT, if we don't see even a glimpse of that great India in the India that we see today, it clearly means that we are not working up to our potential; and that if we do, we could once again be an evershining and inspiring country setting a bright path for rest of the world to follow.
I hope you enjoyed it and work towards the welfare of INDIA .


Say proudly, I AM AN INDIAN.

 

Guest33

Elite
after reading this are u really proud to be an INDIAN......

jaago punjabio kuch karo......mehnat mukskatt kar apne jatt 6 mahine wait kard ene vi sadi fasal changi hove...fasal changi ho vi jave taan ki hunda.....600 rupiyee quintal vikdi hai fasal...ki ik aam insaan pane bachian nu decent padhai likhai de sakda........pindan de pind vikan lai tiyar ne....suicide kari jandian families dian families.......soch ke haul je pende ne vi aahi haal riha taan ik average kisan da ki houga.....ki haal hai apne kisaan da aape padh lao.....Whole villages up for sale in Punjab ...kayian ne Lcte vi padhia hou par I guess ithe jyada serious members ne.....

By Rashme Sehgal


1,000 acres of land in Bhutal Kulan village in Sangrur district of Punjab are up for sale. In neighbouring Bhutal Khor, 1,200 acres are going a-begging. With crops failing and mounting debts, farmers in Punjab have no option but to sell their lands dirt-cheap. This is the first of a special series on Punjab’s agricultural crisis


Village after village in Punjab is up for sale. Rural indebtedness has reached such alarming proportions that entire communities are being forced to ‘distress-sell’ their lands.

Bhutal Kulan, a village in Sangrur district, comprising around 1,000 acres of land, is up for sale. Local farmers, heavily indebted to moneylenders and corporate banks, are selling their land holdings at a pittance.
It’s the same story in neighbouring Bhutal Khor which has over 1,200 acres of land. Practically the entire village is up for sale.

So too in Bhutal Khurd, located near the city of Jhakar on the Haryana border. Surjit Singh, a farmer who owns four acres of land here points out: “Eighty per cent of the land in our village has been mortgaged to banks and moneylenders. Since we are not in a position to repay these loans, and have been driven to a state of complete impoverishment, we are being forced to sell our only asset which has come down to us from our dadas and pardadas (forefathers).”

The result of such sales is that a once-proud community of self-sufficient farmers now finds itself having to eke out a living as daily wagers.

Hardayal Singh, sarpanch of Govindpura Jawaharwala village, is horrified by what’s happening. “The situation has become alarming. If the government does not intervene to stop this trend, we will all end up becoming destitute.”

Farmers across Punjab insist that of the distress sales are taking place because local moneylenders are in a position to put inordinate pressure on them. Surjit Singh says: “The local artiyas (moneylenders) know our plight and are able to purchase our lands dirt-cheap. The going rate for this land is around Rs 100,000 per acre. Unfortunately, the majority of farmers are uneducated. In the past they had borrowed small amounts of money from these moneylenders. The moneylenders affixed their thumb impressions onto blank pieces of paper and are now demanding three to four times what they had originally given.”

A local artiya, Lala Charan Das, reportedly bought 80 acres of land in the village. “How come no land ceiling act is applicable to him?” asks Singh.

Sunshe Singh and his wife, also from Govindpura Jawaharwala, borrowed Rs 200,000 from Amar Prakash, a moneylender, 13 years ago. Prakash is now insisting that the amount has tripled to almost Rs 600,000. The shocked couple turned to the panchayat for help. “The panchayat has summoned the moneylender twice but he has refused to heed them. He has told them that they can do what they like especially since they have no power to arrest him,” says Gajo Kaur.

The pressure on the old couple has been so intense that their only son committed suicide by consuming pesticide.

Two elderly farmers, Harinder Singh and Lab Singh, mortgaged six acres of land in order to take a Rs 300,000 loan from the Oriental Bank of India and the Punjab Land Mortgage Bank. Repeated crop failures, however, saw them unable to return the loan and they were forced to sell their land. “Unfortunately, the interest on the loan has increased so much that even though we have sold all our land we are still not able to pay off our debt. The banks are putting so much pressure on us that last March my eldest son, Angrez Singh, committed suicide,” says Harinder Singh.

Harinder went into a deep depression after his son’s death and has remained bedridden ever since. His brother Lab Singh explains: “Since we have no land left, we are trying to make ends meet by doing farming on a theka (contract) basis. But even here, we have to pay the landowners money up front for the entire year. If the crop does not do well we are left to face the consequences.”

Malkit Kaur, the woman sarpanch of Malkait village, points out that it’s not just men who are committing suicide. Women-headed households are also being forced to sell off their lands cheap. “With nothing to fall back on and with young children to feed, women are also taking their own lives,” says Malkit Kaur. She cites the example of Sukhpal Kaur who belonged to Nangla village and was related to her. Her husband was bedridden and she had to take care of four children. She had a debt of Rs 70,000 to repay. Unable to repay it, and under pressure from all sides, she ended her life by consuming pesticide.

Just two months ago, Jang Singh and nine members of his family disappeared from village Chhapa in Raikot. Ten years ago, Jang Singh owned 40 acres of land and two dairy farms. But during the last few years, they suffered successive crop failures. Finding himself caught in a debt trap, Jang Singh and his family committed suicide, according to an FIR lodged by his close friend Bilaur Singh. Bilaur Singh says: “The police invariably side with the moneylenders and the banks. Surely the government should be sensitive to our plight and adopt a more humanitarian stance?”

Inderjit Singh Jaijee, chairperson of an organisation called Movement against State Repression (MSR), has been tabulating statistics on the increasing impoverishment of farmers from Lehra and Andana blocks in Punjab’s Sangrur and Mansa districts. Jaijee, who was earlier an elected state representative from Sangrur and whose MSR has been tabulating farmer suicides in Punjab since 1998, points out: “Conservative estimates indicate that an average of 50 suicides take place in the Lehra and Andana blocks every year. If we were to even halve this number, the number of suicides in Punjab’s 100 districts works out to over 2,500 per year…According to MSR estimates, during the present chief minister Amrinder Singh’s tenure, already more than 325 farmers have (committed) suicide. Villagers are selling off thousands of acres of land and the government is doing nothing to help them.”

Dr Ranjit Singh Ghuman, professor of economics, Punjab University, Patiala, concedes that a large number of land transactions are taking place. He believes the situation can be altered only if the government takes quick, remedial measures. “Eight per cent of the land holdings in Punjab are marginal and therefore uneconomical. In order to make these economical the government needs to persuade farmers to set up cooperatives along the lines of those functioning in Maharashtra. Only if farmers get involved in marketing their own products will the situation improve,” says Ghuman.

Ghuman believes things have reached a flash point because the government’s investment in agriculture has decreased substantially. He says: “In 1975-79, agricultural investment was 3.98% of GDP. Today, it is down to 1.5%.” The government’s withdrawal from this crucial area has also resulted in large-scale disengagement of the workforce. Ghuman points out how the rural agricultural workforce has dropped from 55% to 39.4%. Unfortunately, this workforce has not been absorbed into non-farm activities. On the contrary, poverty figures have risen by 6% in the area.

Agricultural experts express concern at the impoverishment and increasing landlessness of farmers. Professor H S Shergill, from the department of economics at Punjab University in Chandigarh, believes that as long as farmers are being forced to take non-institutional credit at 60% interest, they will not be able to break out of the debt trap. Shergill, who authored a study on the increasing indebtedness of the Punjabi farmer a decade ago, indicated that farmers’ debts had reached Rs 135 crore. “Today,” he claims, “that figure has doubled.”

Shergill maintains that unless the government changes land ownership patterns and takes a determined stand to fight rural indebtedness, the Punjabi peasantry will become completely impoverished.

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Zailldaar

Mimber
very rite... situation is the same and no steps are being undertaken by the government...

i agree with the economists and villagers plight jis vich apne gabrooa da v haath hai..
punjab da gabroo has lost his glory ..with jarda,capsules and cig in pocket...kam koi karda nahi ...kala bapu v ki kare... gharde soch de ne ki munda CHD pardha ... har cheez le ke dinde ne ...pata 3 sala baad he lagda ki sari fees padar karti...
 
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