Gandhinagar, the capital of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s home state of Gujarat, Karnal in Haryana, Allahabad, Aligarh and Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar’s capital Patna are among the 30 urban centres that were chosen on Friday to be developed as smart cities.
Friday’s list takes the total number of cities selected so far under the National Democratic Alliance government’s flagship urban modernisation programme to 90. The remaining 10 cities are likely to selected by early next year.
Modi launched his government’s ambitious plan to develop 100 smart cities in June 2015. Meant to change the way urban India lives, smart cities will enjoy uninterrupted power and water supplies, internet connectivity, e-governance along with quality infrastructure.
50% of cities from BJP ruled states
In the third list, 15 of the 30 cities are in the states ruled by the Prime Minister’s Bharatiya Janata Party. Three cities from Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, two from Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, one each from Haryana, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh have been selected.
Patna and Muzaffarpur, Karnataka’s capital Bengaluru, Himachal Pradesh’s capital Shimla and Mizoram’s capital Aizawl and Puducherry are the four cities from Congress-ruled states that made the cut.
The twin cities of Jammu and Kashmir – Jammu and Srinagar – have also been chosen.
Cities fare poorly on socio-economic indicators
Many cities in the list have inadequate civic amenities such as access to treated water, sanitation and drainage facilities. Literacy level in cities such as Aligarh is low as 68.5% as against the national average of 74%.
Access to tap water is an abysmal 23.4% in Muzaffarpur, a little over 41% in Aligarh and 46.7 % in Satna, according to Census 2011 data. Urban poverty ratio is very high in cities like Satna.
How smart cities were selected
The process of selecting smart cities involves two stages. The first occurs at the level of states, which select their own candidates following a competition. The nominated cities then compete with each other nationally.
The distribution of smart cities across India is determined by a formula worked out by the urban development ministry, which weighs equally a state’s population and its number of cities.
The Centre will provide Rs 48,000 crore over the five years for the smart cities mission. A matching fund will be contributed by a combination of states and the private sector. Each city will get Rs 100 crore per year.
Work on new projects has already started in 20 cities that were selected in January 2016, but the 40 cities that were selected in July and September haven’t started yet.
List of cities
No. State Cities
1. Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
2. Tamil Nadu Tiruppur, Tiruchirapalli, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi
3. Uttar Pradesh Allahabad, Aligarh, Jhansi
4. Gujarat Gandhinagar, Dahod, Rajkot
5. Maharashtra Pimpri-Chinchwad
6. Madhya Pradesh Satna, Sagar
7. Bihar Patna, Muzaffarpur
8. Chhattisgarh Naya Raipur, Bilaspur
9. Haryana Karnal
10. Himachal Pradesh Shimla
11. Karnataka Bengaluru
13. Uttarakhand Dehradun
14. Jammu & Kashmir Jammu, Srinagar
15. Telangana Karimnagar
16. Arunachal Pradesh Pasighat
17. Sikkim Gangtok
18. Mizoram Aizawl
19. Andhra Pradesh Amaravati