Also called Teej
Observed by Women
Type Monsoon festival/seasonal
Teeyan (Punjabi: ਤੀਆਂ) is the Punjabi name of the festival of Teej which is celebrated in Punjab and Haryana (where it is also called Haryali teej) which is dedicated to the onset of the monsoon and focuses on daughters and sisters.
The festival is celebrated during the monsoon season from the third day of the lunar month of Sawan on the bright half, up to the full moon of sawan, by women. Married women go to their maternal house to participate in the festivities. In the past, it was traditional for women to spend the whole month of Sawan with their parents.
Whether or not a married woman goes to her parents, brothers take a gift set to their sisters called a 'sandhara'. A sandhara includes a Punjabi Suit/sari, laddoo, bangles, mehndi (henna) and a swing.
Gidha and swings
The festival of teeyan centres on girls and women getting together in the village green and tying swings to the trees. The festival gathers momentum in the teeyan Gidha.
Traditional bolyan which are sung to dance Gidha include:
ਓੁੱਚੇ ਟਾਹਣੇ ਪੀਂਘ ਪਾ ਦੇ
ਜਿਥੇ ਆਪ ਹੁਲਾਰਾ ਆਵੇ
Uchay tahne peeng pa de
jithey aap hulara aavey
Hang my swing from a high tree branch
where the swing moves by itself
The main focus of the teeyan is dancing Giddha. In the past, the festival would last for as long as the girls wishes ranging from a few days to four weeks. Girls would gather to dance Giddha everday. The festival would close by the women performing the closing dance called 'bhallho'. Bhallo or ballo is perfomed by the women standing in two rows and dancing. This tradition of women getting together in villages has now become extinct.
Woman celebrating teeyan
Giddha dance Teeyan Punjab
Giddha dance Teeyan Punjab Teej India
Giddha dance Teeyan Punjab
The food traditionally associated with teeyan is:
kheer (rice boiled in milk)
poorhay (fried bread)
malpua (spelled malpura)
Gulgullay (Punjabi: ਗੁਲਗੁਲੇ) which are made from jaggery syrup mixed with wheat flour and then made into balls, and then fried
Mandey (Punjabi: ਮੰਡੇ) are made of wheat floor but the dough is thin. The flat mandey bread is not rolled out using a rolling pin but stretched with the hands and then placed on the back of both hands before being put on the griddle to bake.
Punjab da halwa
Punjabis consider teeyan as a seasonal festival. Although the teeyan gatherings are not as common in the villages in Punjab, the festival is observed on a low-key scale, especially in schools and colleges. Government sponsored teeyan festivals are observed at pre-selected sites. Festivals are held in Surrey, and Brampton in Canada and in other countries outside of India such as in Southall and Smethwick[ in the United Kingdom. Festivals are also organised in Melbourne Australia.
In Rajasthan, Hindu women fast on the day of Teej as the festival is dedicated to Goddess Parvati. However, the festival in Punjab and Haryana is a cultural festival.