Laws Every Indian Should Know
1. Whenever a person is arrested, he should be produced before a magistrate or judge within 24 hours of his arrest. No one can be detained by the police beyond the 24-hour period
2.In the event of accidents relating domestic LPG, consumers are entitled to a risk cover of up to Rs 40 lakh in case of loss of life or damage to property due to cylinder explosions. All registered LPG consumers are covered under an insurance policy taken by the PSU Oil Companies.
3. If a police officer fails to or refuses to record your initial complaint, he can receive a jail term of six months to two years
4. Whenever a person is arrested, police officials must wear visible and legible identification when arresting a person and when carrying out interrogation. Names and particulars of police personnel handling interrogation must be recorded in the register.
5. Prostitution (exchange of money for sex) is legal but, organised prostitution is illegal.pimping, brothel-keeping and soliciting sex in any other way
6. In case a police officer asks someone to provide a specimen of breath for a breath test, the person must obey. If he refuses or fails to do so and the policeman have reasonable cause to suspect him of having alcohol in his blood, and he can be arrested without a warrant, unless he is hospitalised.
7. When arrested, it is the right of every detained person to know the grounds for detention or questioning.
8. The moment a cheque bounces with the endorsement “Insufficient Funds”, go to a lawyer and send the person a legal notice demanding your money. This has to be done within 30 days of bouncing of the cheque. Once that person receives your notice, he is required by law to pay you your money within the next 15 days. His failure to do so, gives you a right to file a criminal case against him for cheque bouncing
9.While buying an immovable property – (Like Flat or Land)
Giving a public notice in the newspaper is a must. It doesn’t matter which one. It need not be English. Any state language too will do. And any newspaper with some circulation will do. This Public notice is what protects your interest in the court of law if you face any litigation regarding your purchased property.
1.Husbands do not have the right to oppose the divorce petition filed by their wives, whereas the wives can oppose the divorce petition filed by the husbands. All the property of the husband that he currently owns and his ancestral property (inherited or inheritable) will be divided between the husband and the wife.
2.Whatever money, jewelry etc. is given to a bride in her marriage by both her parents as well as the groom’s parents is legally her property. It is legally known as Streedhan
3.Arrest or Search of women should only take place in presence of Women Police Officers and it should not take place in night. And women should be detained separately from men
4.Adultery in India is a criminal offence. Section 497 of the IPC criminalizes adultery. It makes it an offence for a man to have sex with a married woman, and if caught and convicted, he can be jailed for up to 5 years. The wife is not held liable in this case. Moreover, a married man who has sex with an unmarried woman is also not liable in any way – his marital status is of no consequence!
5.Live in relationships are not illegal and any two consenting adults have the freedom to live together without marriage if they wish to. Domestic violence act too takes this relationship into consideration and a woman can get relief under the act even if she is not legally wedded to the man
Children born out of live in relationships have a right to inherit their parent’s property.
6.Also, children born to mistresses (illegitimate children, no offence, just for the sake of explaining) too inherit their father’s property and can claim maintenance.
7.A man can file for divorce if his wife withholds sex for a long time. The cause can be put under “mental cruelty” and the court will consider it a valid cause for seeking divorce.
8.You may not know about this. But Pre-marital sex is not illegal in India as long as the girl’s age is more than 16. Madras High court judgement says Couples who have premarital sex to be considered married.
9.Marital rape is not considered an offence in India. Despite amendments, law commissions and new legislations, one of the most humiliating and debilitating acts is not an offence in India.
10.Indian Penal Code 498A, is a criminal law (not a civil law) i.e Whoever, being the husband or the relative of the husband of a woman, subjects such woman to cruelty shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine. The offence is Cognizable, non-compoundable and non-bailable
11.Legal Drinking Age in Punjab is 25.
Ignorance of law is no defence -
In the court of law, you cannot plead as defence the fact that you were not aware of the law. This is what damns most people! And makes the field of law extremely important if one wishes to survive in material life.
Re: Laws Every Indian Should Know
Right to Equality(Article 14-18)
Article 14:Equality before Law: The Constitution guarantees that all citizens will be equal*before law. It means that everyone will be equally protected by the laws of the country. No person is above law. It means that if two persons commit the same crime, both of them will get the same punishment without any discrimination.
Article 15: Prohibition of Discrimination on certain grounds: : The State cannot discriminate against a citizen on the basis of religion,race, caste, sex or place of birth. This is necessary to bring about social equality.Every citizen of India has equal access to shops, restaurants, places of public entertainment or in the use of wells, tanks or roads without any discrimination. However, the State can make special provisions or concessions for women and children.
Article 16: Equality of opportunity in public employment : The State cannot discriminate against anyone in the matter of public employment. All citizens can apply and become employees of the State. Merits and qualifications will be the basis of employment. However, there are some exceptions to this right. There is a special provision for the reservation of posts for citizens belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes (OBCs).
Article 17: Prohibition of Untouchability
Article 18: Abolition of titles other than military and academic titles. (So Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is not 'Mahatma' Gandhi.)
Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)
Article 19: Six Freedoms:
(a) Freedom of speech and expression
(b) Freedom to assemble peacefully and without armsMODULE - 3
Democracy at Work
(c) Freedom to form Associations and Unions
(d) Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India
(e) Freedom to reside and settle in any part of India
(f) Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade
Article 20: Protection in respect of conviction for offences
Article 21: Protection in respect of conviction for offences
Article 22: Protection against arrest and detention
It is provided in Article 22 that whenever a person is arrested, he or she should be informed, as soon as it is possible, of the grounds for arrest and should be allowed to consult and to be defended by a legal practitioner of his or her choice. Moreover, arrested person must be produced before the nearest magistrate within 24 hours of such an arrest excepting a person who has been arrested under preventive detention law. The case of the person arrested under preventive detention law has also to be referred to an Advisory Board within a period of three months of his or her arrest.
Right against Exploitation (Article 23-24):
Article 23: Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour: Traffic in human beings and beggar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any breach of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with
Article 24: Prohibition of Child employments in factories
As the Constitution provides, no child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.
Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)
Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
Article 26: Freedom to manage religious affairs.
Article 27: Freedom as to the payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
Article 28: Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions
Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)
Article 29: Protection of Interests of Minorities.
Article 30: Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)
One of the most important of all Fundamental Rights without which all the rights mentioned above would stand invalid. The Right to cons. remedies provide and individual to directly approach Supreme Court of India in case he feel his rights are violated.
Now, in return of all the rights mentioned above, the constitution / Nation expects us to do certain things which are mentioned in Article IV A of the constitution , called Fundamental Duties(Article 51A).
Re: Laws Every Indian Should Know
ok, most of them are sexual related acts harassment, etc but what happens when some one so called "Indian" break the law & no action has been taken?
where were these laws gone? simply say, they written off for information...doesn't need to follow
just don't waste time posting this crap, sorry!!