Bathinda(Punjabi: ਬਠਿੰਡਾ), also known as Bhatinda, is one of the oldest and most famous cities of the Punjab state of north-western India. It was in the jungles of Bathinda that Guru Gobind Singh Ji is reputed to have once challenged and fought the mighty Mughal forces. Bathinda also had a prominent role in the nation's struggle of freedom against the British rule and the autocratic administration of princely rulers. A prominent landmark is Qila Mubarak fort.
Bathinda is undergoing rapid industralisation: among recently developed features are a modern thermal power plant, fertilizer factories, and a large oil refinery. Bathinda is one of the biggest food grain and cotton markets in northern India, and the area around Bathinda has become a large grape growing area.
Bathinda is one of the largest railway junctions of northern India, and more lines extend from it than any junction on the Indian Railway network. Sharjah of Punjab, located in Bathinda, is one of the largest military Cantonments of Asia; its name refers to local sand dunes. Bathinda itself is located on the Indo-Gangetic alluvial plains. Bathinda also houses two Thermal Plants: Guru Nanak Dev Thermal Plant in Bathinda City and Guru Gobind Singh Super Thermal Plant in Lehra Mohabbat.