•-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

Go Back   UNP > Contributions > Punjabi Culture

UNP Register


Old 23-Sep-2006
Thumbs up •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

Punjabi Instruments

punjabi dhol

The dhol is one of the few percussion instruments in the world that draws
people to the dancefloor whenever it is played.

It is the king of Punjabi instruments; it is the soul of Bhangra; and without it,
Bhangra is incomplete.

Bhangra performers have huge respect for the dhol and it is for the dhol that
the dance is performed.

The dhol is a barrel-shaped instrument, made from a shell of hollowed-out
mango or sheesham wood, with the treble on the right and the bass on the
left. Historically,both sides of the drum were made from goatskin, but today,
plastic is sometimes used for one of the sides.

Two drumsticks are used to beat the drum. The tili is a thin cane stick; the dagga
is a crooked wooden stick: their contrasting shapes and sizes suit the different properties of each side of the drum. It is the rhythm they create that is the most significant feature of dhol playing.

Many Punjabi homes in the UK own a dhol and it is very popular with children;
yet due to a lack of experienced dhol players and teachers in England, most
students learn only a couple of basic tunes. Nevertheless, even the inexperienced
players are often good enough to bring the whole street out to dance!


Each beat of the dohl in Bhangra dance music introduces a different dance step.
The beat is then followed by a tora, a means of shifting from one beat to another without a pause.


: A magical instrument! This Punjabi woodwind instrument, also called
a jori/ ngoza, resembles a pair of wooden flutes which the musician plays by using
three fingers on each side. A very challenging instrument to play, the sound is
generated by breathing into it rapidly; the quick recapturing of breath on each
beat creates a bouncing, swing rhythm.

The pairing of the algoza with the dhol in a piece of music produces a great
sound that makes everyone want to dance!

The algoza is generally used as a folk instrument and Punjabi folk singers
use it to play traditional music such as Jugni, Jind Mahi, Mirza. However, it is
also a popular choice among UK musicians for making contemporary Bhangra music.


The chimta is often used in popular Punjabi Bhangra music.
It is a percussion instrument made of two long, flat pieces of metal (usually iron)
with pointed ends to which several rings are attached.
The rings are plucked in a downward motion to produce tinkling sounds


The tumbi is a traditional Punjabi string instrument. Its one string can
produce both high and low tones. The body of the instrument is made from
various types of wood over which a skin is stretched and strings are
attached. It is played with the continuous flick and retraction of the forefinger. Famous Punjabi singers of traditional songs, such as Mahiya, Challa, Jindua and Jugni, have used the tumbi.

'Mundeya tou bach ke rahi' (Beware of Boys) from Punjabi MC, is a fine
example of tumbi music, and was a huge hit in the UK charts and is still
used in most international programs.

The one-stringed tumbi is the most famous instrument in Bhangra and it is
one of the most popular instruments used in folk music.


Sarangi is a popular bowed instrument in Punjab. It is wooden instrument about two feet long, cut from a single log covered with parchment. A bridge is placed in
the middle. The sides of the Sarangi are pinched so as to bow it. The instrument usually has three major strings of varying thickness, and the fourth string is made of brass, used for drone. Modern sarangis contain 35-40 sympathetic strings running under the main strings. This is used for accompaniment by artists and is
an ideal instrument for producing all types of Gamks and Meends.

his is a stringed instrument made of dried gourd (Ghia). A piece of skin is mounted on one side of the hollowed gourd while the other side is kept open. A gut string (Tand) is crossed through the centre of the skin and a small piece of wood is tied to the end of the string, which passes through the body of the gourd. To maintain a drum-like rhythm, the string is stretched or loosened while playing.


Dhad is a small percussion instrument of the Damru style. Held in one hand, it is struck on either side, with the other hand holding the skinned sides vertically or horizontally. This instrument has been very popular with the Dhadies, who sing traditional ballads of brave warriors and heroes drawn from history.

The simple earthen pitcher serves as a musical instrument in a number of folk songs. The Garah player strikes its sides with rings worn on fingers of one hand and also plays on its open mouth with the other hand to produce a distinct rhythmic beat.

Old 23-Sep-2006
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•


Old 23-Sep-2006
-=Sukh Tiwana=-
Re: -) - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- (-

Old 24-Sep-2006
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

Old 24-Sep-2006
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

for sharing...
nachde tappde punjabi..

Old 25-Sep-2006
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

bahut vadia bai

Old 11-Oct-2006
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

Gr8 job Buddy
and Keep it Up !

Old 17-Oct-2006
Arrow Re: -) - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- (-

Here is one more Punjabi instrument-SARINDA
and i think its different than a saranghi.

Old 07-Apr-2009
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<


Old 17-Sep-2009
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•


Old 17-Sep-2009
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

Oh Balle Balle

Old 17-Sep-2009
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

oh balle bade purane topic khoj nikali gurvy ..
well ah dekh ke mehnu sahota da boliyaan song di ek line yaad ah gaye

oyeee tumbi vajda tabla vajda,vich vajda sada dhol bay....hdeh miteh lagdeh bol bai....

Old 18-Sep-2009
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

o balle....edan de thread he bnaya kro

Old 12-Dec-2009
Re: -) - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- (-

nice yaaa

Old 13-Mar-2010
Re: •-)•–––– - >> Punjabi Instruments <<- ––––•(-•

tumbi is my favorite ................. instrument

Post New Thread  Reply

« jatt put vechda | Desertification of Punjab is near »
Quick Register
User Name:
Human Verification