Punjabi Alphabet for learning

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Old 20-Jun-2014
Jaggi G
Lightbulb Punjabi Alphabet for learning

Learning the Punjabi alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Punjabi language.
Below is a table showing the Punjabi alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word.

ਓੂੜਾ Oo'rhaa o' as in room

ਐੜਾ Ai'rhaa a' as in hat

ਈੜੀ Ee'rhee e' as in energy

ਸੱਸਾ sas'saa s' as in same

ਹਾਹਾ haa'haa h' as in home

ਕੱਕਾ Kak'kaa k' as in Kate, kite

ਖੱਖਾ khakh'khaa 'kh' as in khan, khaki

ਗੱਗਾ gag'gaa g' as in God

ਘੱਘਾ ghag'ghaa 'gh' as in aghast, ghost

ਙੰਙਾ Ngan'ngaa 'ng' as in England

ਚੱਚਾ chach'chaa ch' as in change

ਛੱਛਾ chhachh'chhaa ch' as in cheddar more like ch/sh robustly aspirated

ਜੱਜਾ jaj'jaa j' as in Japan

ਝੱਝਾ jhaj'jhaa pronounced as harder stressed 'j' as in jolt more robustly aspirated

ਞੰਞਾ Njan'njaa There is no English equivalent of this sound

ਟੈਂਕਾ tain'kaa t' as in Tom

ਠੱਠਾ thath'thaa 'th' harder th as in river Thames

ਡੱਡਾ ddad'daa d' as in daddy

ਢੱਢਾ dhad'daa dd' as in daddy

ਣਾਣਾ nhaa'nhaa Pronounced like English 'n' with tip of tongue upwards touching palette of mouth

ਤੱਤਾ tat'taa t' softer unaspirated t as inTim

ਥੱਥਾ thath'thaa 'th' as in Thailand

ਦੱਦਾ dad'daa th' softer th as in 'then'

ਧੱਧਾ dhad'daa 'th' stressed th seventh

ਨੱਨਾ nan'naa n' as in name

ਪੱਪਾ pap'paa p' as in papa

ਫੱਫਾ phaph'phaa 'ph' as in philosopher

ਬੱਬਾ bab'baa b' as in baby

ਭੱਭਾ bhab'baa there is no English equivalent of this sound more like bha combined together

ਮੱਮਾ mam'maa m' as in mother

ਯੱਯਾ yay'yaa y' as in yellow

ਰਾਰਾ ra'raa r' as in run

ਲੱਲਾ lal'laa l' as in lake

ਵੱਵਾ vav'vaa v' as in Victor

ੜਾੜਾ rhar'rhaa 'rr' hard double r

ਸ਼ੱਸ਼ਾ shash'shaa sh' as in shade

ਖ਼ੱਖ਼ਾ kha'khaa 'kh' as in khan or as 'ch' As in the Scottish Loch

ਗ਼ੱਗ਼ਾ gag'gaa g' as in good

ਜ਼ੱਜ਼ਾ Zaz'zaa z' as in zebra

ਫ਼ੱਫ਼ਾ faf'faa 'ph' as in philosopher

ਲ਼ੱਲ਼ਾ lal'laa l' as in land

Vowels in Gurmukhi (Punjabi) There are 10 vowels.
Vowel Sign (broken circle represents a alphabet) pronunciation Name of vowel example
invisible is with every consonant a ਮੁਕਤਾ muktā ਸ sa

ā ਕੰਨਾ kannā ਸਾ sā
I ਸਿਹਾਰੀ sihārī ਸਿ si

ī ਬਿਹਾਰੀ bihārī ਸੀ sī

u ਔਂਕੜ auṅkaṛ ਸੁ su

ū ਦੁਲੈਂਕੜ dulaiṅkaṛ ਸੂ sū

ē ਲਾਂਵਾਂ lāṃvāṃ ਸੇ sē

ai ਦੁਲਾਂਵਾਂ dulāṃvāṃ ਸੈ sai

ō ਹੋੜਾ hōṛā ਸੋ sō

au ਕਨੌੜਾ kanauṛā ਸੌ sau

Nasal signs>

ਬਿੰਦੀ bindī It's sound is same as 'n' in land, sand

ਟਿੱਪੀ ṭippī Its sound is same as 'n' in punch, lunch

ਅਧਕ adhak double sound to the particular consonant that it is assigned to

Old 20-Jun-2014
Jaggi G
Re: Punjabi Alphabet for learning

Old 20-Jun-2014
[Thank You]
Re: Punjabi Alphabet for learning

Good Effort. Thanks for sharing.

Old 20-Jun-2014
Re: Punjabi Alphabet for learning

nice share

Old 20-Jun-2014
Jaggi G
Re: Punjabi Alphabet for learning

main dekhia kuj new user c jehde kende sanu punjabi nahi andi te ooh punjabi sikhna chande ne
Ex:- Register

so main sochia thread bana dia

Old 20-Jun-2014
Und3rgr0und J4tt1
Re: Punjabi Alphabet for learning


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