Kamboj Tribe and History
A article from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from )
Jump to: ,
Look up in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
The Kambojs (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindi_language: कम्बोज kamboj, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urdu: کمبوہ kamboh, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjabi_language: ਕਮ੍ਬੋਜ kamboj) are an http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic community of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_region. They are the modern representatives of ancient http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas, a well known http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kshatriya tribe of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Age_India, said to have Indian as well as Iranian affinities.
Kamboj is frequently used as surname in lieu of the sub-caste or the gotra name by many Kambojs of Punjab, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India. Their http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim counterparts living in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan mostly use last name Kamboh instead of the gotra name.
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas Further information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas_in_Indian_literature The Kambojas were a people of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Age_India, frequently mentioned in (post-Vedic) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit_literature, making their first appearance http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas_in_the_Mahabharata and contemporary http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedanga literature (roughly from the 5th century BCE). Their Kamboja Kingdoms were likely located in regions on both sides of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindukush (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboja_Location). They apparently qualify as an people, better as http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Iranian_peoples, cognate to the . "It seems from some inscriptions that the Kambojas were a royal clan of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakas better known under the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_language name of Scyths" .
Together with the Indo-Scythian invasion of India during the pre-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kushan_Empire, Kambojas appear to have http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboja_migration to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Lanka and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambodia in the period spanning the 2nd century BCE and the 5th century CE. Their descendants held various principalities in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_Kingdoms_of_India, the one in north-west Bengal being seized, around middle of tenth century CE, from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pala_Empire in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal.
Taarikh Aale Kambojia ---------(latest edition)
'Taarikh Aale Kambojia' (meaning The history of Kamboj nation) is a wonderful, informative Urdu book written in this context. The book is based on more than 20 years of research by late 'Chaudhry Allah Ditta Kamboh Majithia' (1921-2002), a Muslim Kamboh who migrated from Amritsar (India) to Lahore (Pakistan) during Indo-Pak partition in 1947. It is available at most Libraries in Lahore, including the Punjab Public Library.
 Kamboj/Kamboh during Muslim rule
Main article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboj_in_Muslim_and_British_Era During early years of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India, one of the groups of this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan embraced Islam at the instance of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaikh (of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multan) and his son Shaikh Sadruddin .
Muslim Kambohs/Kambojs were very influential and powerful during http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lodhi and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moghul rule. Miyan Jumman Khan Kamboh was "Hajib-i-Khas" (Special Lord of Bed Chamber) , Umar Khan Kamboh was Amir-i-Akhur (Minister of Cavalry department) and Miyan Ladan Khan Kamboh was an Imam and Royal Nadim of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikandar_Lodhi . Shaikh Itmad-ul-Malik Sambhal was Amir-i-Arz (Paymaster General) and then Prime Minister of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Shahbaz_Khan_Kamboh was the most capable and trusted general of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akbar . He had been "Mir Tozak" (Quarter Master General/Master of Ceremonies), "Mir Bakshi" (Lord Pay Master General/Chief Military Adviser), and "Wakil" (Highest Mughal Administrative Officer, Prime Minister) of Emperor Akbar . As a Governor of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal in 1581, Shabaz Khan had distinguished himself greatly and had commanded 9000 strong cavalry in Bengal when operating in Brahmputra, . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaikh_Gadai_Kamboh had been "Sadru-s-Sadur" or "Sadar-i-Jahan" (Administrator General or Lord Chief Justice) in Akbar's reign. . Nawab Saddullah Khan Chanyoti was the Prime Minister and General Nawab Bahadur Kamboh had been very active and intelligent military officer and Vizier () in the court of Mughal Emperor http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shah_Jahan . http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Nawab_Khair_Andesh_Khan held a mansab of 5000 horsemen during reign of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurangzeb and of 6000 during http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bahadur_Shah's reign and had been http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governor of Katehr (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rohilkhand), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bihar, Etawah, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal, Kalabagh and Hamuiri at different times of his life .
Numerous other Kamboj are known to have occupied very key military and civil positions during http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lodhi, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pashtun and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moghul reign in India. "The http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sayyid and the Kambohs among the Indian Muslims were specially favored for high military and civil positions during Moghul rule" .
"The Kambo, Indian Shaikh-zadas and local Saiyid nobles rose to prominence during the period under review" (i.e. Lodi dynasty of Delhi) .
Muhammad Umar writes: "The (Muslim) Kamboh distinguished themselves by their courage, generosity and high spirits. They were famous for their excellent manners and were particularly gifted with wisdom and nobility....In terms of social stratification, the Kambohs were counted among the Shaikhs.....Among the Indian Muslims, the Kambohs were regarded as the noblest of all. However, perhaps with a view to maintaining the purity of their descent, or because of pride of nobility, they confined their matrimonial relationships within their own groups and did not establish marriage connections with other http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim groups including even the Saiyids and the Mughals. Some members of this clan like Shahbaz Khan Kamboh, Nawab Abu Muhammad Khan, Bahadur Khan and Nawab Khair Andesh Khan rose to high positions during the reign of Mughals" .
of Abu-Al-Fazal Alami (Trans. H. Blochman) informs us that it was a matter of distinction to belong to the Kamboh lineage during the reigns of Mughal emperors like Akbar and Jahangir .
The Kambohs held http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakodar in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jullundur and Sohna in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurgaon some centuries ago; and the tombs and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosque that they have left (in Sohna) show that they must have enjoyed considerable position.
Kamboj/Kamboh on the touchstone of Rajput 'definition'
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Denzil_Ibbetson defines http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput tribe as “a tribe of any caste whatever which had in ancient times possessed supreme power throughout any fairly extensive tract of country, would be classed as a Rajput tribe” . Later authorities and others extend the definition a little further and define Rajput tribe as “ a tribe of any caste whatever, which had in ancient times (or even in comparatively modern times), possessed supreme power throughout any fairly extensive tract of country would be classed as Rajput” . It is quite amusing to read the Punjab Castes, by Sir Denzil Ibbetson and the Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab, by H. A. Rose where many of the tribes designated by them as Rajputs have never possessed at any time any supreme power throughout any fairly extensive tract of country, whereas the Kambojs or Kambohs (the modern representatives of ancient http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas) who founded and held several kingdoms in the ancient as well as early medieval times like Kamboja and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parama_Kamboja kingdoms as attested in the Mahabharata as well as in they http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valmiki_Ramayana ; Kamboja http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahajanapadas as attested by ancient http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist texts like http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anguttara_Nikaya as well as by an equally ancient commentarial work ; a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboja http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarchy as well as some Ganas/Samghas of the Kamboj http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kshatriyas as attested by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panini ; Self-ruling Kamboj-Samghas as attested by king http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asoka in his http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rock_Edicts V and XIII; the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kshatriya Samghas (i.e. Corporations of Warriors) of the Kambhojas as attested by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kautiliya in his http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthashastra ; the Kamboja kingdom adjacent to the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daradas and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bahlikas as attested by various http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purana texts ; one Kamboja http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principality and one http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambhoja principality (post-Christian), located in and southern India respectively, as attested in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agni_Purana as well as in the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garuda_Purana ; the (q.v.); the Kamboja dynasty of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolaba/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raigad district in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombay_presidency (See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Vishnupalita_Kambhoja); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambuja kingdom in (See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas_and_Cambodia) and lastly but not the least, the Kamboja colonizers of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Lanka (See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboja_colonists_of_Sri_Lanka) were conveniently, ignorantly or otherwise prejudicedly excluded from the list of the Rajput tribes of India. As one British authority Lt Col J. M. Wikeley has rightly observed, a prejudice has existed against the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboh tribe among the writers who wrote on Punjab/Indian http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnography. We are informed by numerous ancient http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit texts like http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashtadhyayi of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panini , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manusmriti , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahabharata , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kautiliya’s http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthashastra , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harivamsa , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vayu_Purana , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahmanda_Purana and several other authorites that the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancestors of the modern Kambojs/Kambohs, in ancient times, were established in the Kshatriya-Dharama as a warriors and a rulers . Their rulers have been styled Rajaniyas as well as Kshatriyas in the ancient texts. While the term http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput is only a recent phenomenon and became popular only after 9th century AD, the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kshatriya designation on the other hand goes deep into remote http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antiquity and the ancestors of the Kambojs/Kambohs were undoubtedly included in the Kshatriya list as attested by afore-said ancient references.
But notably as A. A. Macdonnel and A. B. Keith have also observed: '"the (ancient) term Kshatriya retains a shade of superiority over Rajput" .
For The Kamboja principalities in West/Southwest India, See also: )
Kamboj/Kamboh in Modern Times
The modern representatives of Ancient Kamboja who still call themselves Kamboj (or prikritic http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboh, or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamoz) or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambhoj are estimated to be around 1.5 million and the rest of the Kamboja population, over the time, has submerged with other occupationalized castes/groups of the Indian sub-continent. Consequently, one can notice numerous of their sub-caste names over-lap with those of other communities of northern India like the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khatris, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajputs, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jats, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahmins, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arain etc .
The Kambojs of the north, by tradition, are divided into 52 and 84 clans. 52 line is stated to be descendants of Cadet branch and 84 from the elder Branch. This is claimed as referring to the young and elder military divisions under which they had fought the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurukshetra_War. Numerous of their clan names overlap with other http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kshatriya and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caste of the north-west India, thereby suggesting that some of the Kshatriya/Rajput clans of north-west must have descended from the Ancient Kambojas.
The Kambojs/Kambohs practiced weapon-worship in the past but the practice is now going out of vogue.
The Kamboj or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboh living in upper India (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_region) are identified as the modern representatives of the ancient http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas . They are found as http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindu, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikhs, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jain. Kambojs are known as adventurous and enterprising people. Therefore, as a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonist, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Servicemen, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politicians and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Businessmen, they have also spread, after the partition, into various parts of India, including a belt of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haryana from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirsa to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hisar and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karnal to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamunanagar, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delhi, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uttar_Pradesh, Ganganagar in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajasthan, Nainital, Dehradoon and Shaheed Udham Singh Nagar in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uttarakhand and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madhya_Pradesh. There is also minuscule Kambhoj (jaina) community living since olden times near Nanded in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maharashtra, possibly the dwindling remnant of ancient Kambojas who had settled southwest India around the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Era. (See links: , ) . The community obviously seems to have mixed with the local communities over time and imbibed local cultures and languages.
The http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tajiks, Siyahposh tribe (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KAM/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamoz, Katir/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamtoz) of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuristan, Yashkuns, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swati, and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yousafzai of Eastern Afghanistan and NWFP of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan are said by various scholars to have descended from the ancient Kambojas.
Scholars also hold that the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kammas of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andhra_Pradesh, the Khampas or Khambas/Khambus of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibet and the Kambis/Kumbis of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gujarat are the distant relatives of the Kambojs of Indian Punjab and the Kambohs of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan; they are the modern representatives of ancient http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas who came to India from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Asia about three thousands years ago .
The author of Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency and several other scholars hold that the Kambus (i.e. Kambohs/Kambojs) of Punjab are an offshoot of the Afghan stock .
The Kambohs are stated to be the ancient inhabitants of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran..
The http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikh Kamboj of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapurthala & http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jullundur (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_region) claim descent from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raja_Karan . They also have a tradition that their ancestors came from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashmir.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindu Kambohs claim to be related to the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput and to have come from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persian_Empire through southern http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghanistan. The Chapter III of Gazetteer of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muzaffarnagar (UP) based on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_India census reports of 1881/1891 etc note that about 1200 Muslim and Hindu Kamboj were living in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saharanpur who also claimed to be http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput. The Kamboj in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phillaur, District Jullundur, too claimed to be Suryavanshi Rajputs. The Kambohs of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bijnor claim that they came from Trans-Indus country and Mr Purser accepts this as evidently true. Many of the Bijnor Kambohs also have a tradition that they are of the same http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic stock as the Chattris or Khatris . "In the Census of 1891, it is reported that the Kamboh, who lived around http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathura in the United Province (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uttar_Pradesh), were originally http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kshatriyas" . The Rajasthan [district Gazetteers] asserts that the Kambohs are probably related to the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khatri . The Hindu Kambohs from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karnal claim their origin from Garh-Gajni. Their Pandits still pronounce the following couplet at the phera during their marriage ceremony to give information about their original home: Garh Gajni nikaas, Lachhoti Ghaggar vaas (Trans: Originated from the fort of Gajni, and settled down in Ghaggar region (in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haryana or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_region)). One Gajni or http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghazni is located in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghanistan, but based on another tradition of the Karnal Kamboj, the eminent ethnographers like H. A. Rose and several other scholars have identified this http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vallabhi in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambay in (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vallabhi)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muslim Kambohs have a tradition that they descended from ancient Kai dynasty of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persian_Empire, to which the emperors http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaikaus, Kaikhusro, Kaikubad, Kai-lehrashab and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darius all belonged. On the last king of the dynasty having been dethroned, and expelled from the country, he wandered about some time with his family and dependents in the neighboring countries and finally settled in Punjab.
The modern Kamboj are still found living chiefly by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military service which were the chief professions followed by their Kamboja ancestors some 2500 years ago as powerfully attested by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthashastra and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brihat_Samhita. Numerous foreign and Indian writers have described the modern Kambojs/Kambohs as one of the finest class of agriculturists of India. British colonial writers such as and note the Kamboj and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahir agriculturists as the first rank husbandmen. They occupy exactly the same position in general farming as the Ramgarhias occupy in general industry.
The Kambojs have made great contributions in agriculture and military fields. The majority of Krishi Pandit awards in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajasthan/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India have been won by the Kamboj agriculturists . Col Lal Singh Kamboj, a landlord from Uttar Pradesh, was the first Indian farmer to win the prestigious Padam Shri Award for progressive farming in 1968 from President of India. According to M. S. Randhawa (Ex-Vice Chancellor, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_University), "For sheer tenacity and persistence no body can beat Kambohs" .
Several foreign and indigenous observers have described the modern Kambojs as very industrious, stiff-necked, hardy, turbulent, skillful, provident and an enterprising race . British commentator, William Crooke, observes that "The Kambohs are a hardy independent people and do not pay much deference to the leading castes" . Some commentators have described the Kambohs/Kambojs as "ethnically more akin to the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Afghanistan than to any of the 'meek Hindu races' of the plains of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India wherein they have now settled for generations".
There is a medieval era http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persia proverb (verse) current in the north-west to the effect that of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Afghanistan, the Kambohs (Kamboj) and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashmir... all three are rogues.Blochman comments on this proverb: "This verse is very modern, for during the reigns of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akbar and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jehangir, it was certainly a distinction to belong to the Kamboh tribe" .
This old proverb seems to convey the historical fact that in the distant past, the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persians, the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Afghanistan, the Kambojs/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboh and the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashmir lived more or less as neighbors and belonged to one inter-related racial group.
Against the above proverb and with reference to the Kambohs/Kambojs, other investigators and scholars like Sardar Gurdial Singh note that "during the reign of terror, it were the Kambojs/Kambohs only who were most trusted by the rich bankers for carrying their cash in the disguise of faqirs" . British ethnographer H. A. Rose also states that: "As agents to the bankers, the Kambohs are much trusted" . The honesty and integrity of the Kamboj/Kamboh community of Punjab is proverbial.
The Kamboj integrity and honesty has also been specifically acknowledged in the Census Report of India, 1881 by Denzil Ibbetson.
The Kambojs are also proverbial in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindustan for 'their sagacity, sharpness of intellect and quickness of apprehension' (perception or understanding). .
The Kambojs have also been noted for their courage, tenacity and stamina for fighting. They (Kamboj) make excellent http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soldier, being of very fine physique and possessing great courage.....They have always been noted for their cunning strategy, which now, being far less 'slim' than in former times, has developed into the permissible strategy of war. .
"The (Muslim) Kamboh distinguished themselves by their courage, generosity and high spirits. They were famous for their excellent manners and were particularly gifted with wisdom and nobility" .
Modern Kamboj are a generally tall, well-built, sharp featured, and generally very yellow (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaura) race. "Pure blood Kamboj ladies are very beautiful and attractive". Kamboj women have especially been noted for their beauty in ancient times too. In ancient references, the Kambojas have been described as a very handsome race. Ancient Kamboj princes have also been noted as tall like towers, exceedingly handsome and of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaura, having faces illustrious like the full moon, lotus eyed, handsome like the lord-moon among the stars. Even Ramayana calls the Kambojas ravisanibha i.e. with faces illustrious like the Sun.
Kamboj/Kamboh vs Arain issue
W. E. Purser writes: “The Arains of Punjab claim descent from Rai Jaj, the grandson of Lava, the founder of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lahore. Jaj was ruler of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirsa territory and on that account was called a Rae; and his descendants became known as Rain, hence Arain .......the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jullundur Arains claim descent from Rai Bhutta, fifth in descent from Raja Karan, and were settled in Uch (in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multan)" . The Arains of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sahiwal point out that they were Surajbansi http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput, originally settled around Delhi . Arains of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghaggar valley are also said to have been formerly Rajputs living on the Panjnad near Multan . The Arains of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hissar also claim Rajput descent .
W. E. Purser and J. Wilson surmised that the difference between the Arains and the Kambohs/Kambojs was probably religious i.e the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arain are probably the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamboh who have become http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moslem . Against this Sir Denzil Ibbetson, H. A. Rose and other authorities including Lt Col J. M. Wikeley etc consider that this view is doubtful since a considerable proportion of the Kambohs of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amritsar, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lahore, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferozepore, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patiala, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabha and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malerkotla were http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moslem, although Musalman Arains were also numerous in those tracts. In some villages like Bhalowal in Jalandhar, there were inhabting the Arains as well as the Kambohs---both being Musalmans. It is therefore, doubtful whether this supposed relationship between the Kambohs and the Arains has any further basis than the fact that they both came from the west and are of equal agricultural repute... . After a laborious and continuous research of many years, Lt. Col. J. M. Wikeley, in 1915, wrote a handbook for the Indian Army, 'Punjabi Musalmans' which describes the magnificent history of the people of Punjab from the old ages to this century . In this book, Col. Wikeley has also rejected any supposed relationship between the Kambohs and the Arains---a tribe whose name he says is synonymous with Baghwan, Mali or Maliar and even a Jat in the South West Panjab. Col. Wikeley frankly admits that the idea of this "supposed relationship between the Kambohs and Arains is quite popular but evidently erroneous..... and a prejudice has existed against the Kambohs on this account. Several Kamboh Sardars had been Amirs (i.e. viziers or ministers) and Mansabdars in the Court of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akbar" . They had also held exalted positions in the courts of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sikandar_Lodhi, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri and later http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mughals .
Unfortunately, some half-baked modern scholars like Ahmed Abdulla of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan and Syed Abdul Quddus of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India etc have intentionally (or ignorantly) distorted Rai Jaj of Mr Purser to Rai Chajju and further have connected him erroneously to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ujjain in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malwa, rather than with http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sirsa of the Arain traditions . Further, both these writers have also mischievously related Rai Chajju (Rai Jaj of Mr Purser) to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raja_Karan, the supposed ancestor of the Kambohs/Kambojs of Jalandhar (Punjab) , but curiously enough, they have not furnished 'any reason or evidence to prove the relationship between Raja Karan and Rae Jaj ( or Rai Chajju?).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raja_Karan vs other Communities of Punjab
Raja Karan is a highly prestigious but elusive figure in Punjab http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnology. The Kamboj tradition, as narrated by Punjab Mirasees, would certainly make the Kamboj Raja Karan identical to the Pandava/Kaurava Raja Karan of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahabharata, since both personages are known for their generosity and charity-giving. But Raja Karan of Mahabharata can not be same as the alleged Kamboja ancestor since the Kambojas pre-date this epic Raja Karan by many centuries.
Very curiously, besides the Kamboj/Kamboh people, many http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jatts, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arain and other peoples of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punjab_region also boast of their descent from the same Raja Karan. See Link: . If this Raja Karan was indeed the ancestor of the Kamboj people as is thoughtlessly asserted and propagated in the writings of these British colonial writers or their http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lieutenant like Ahmed Abdulla, Syed Abdul Quddus etc in order to establish a hypothetical connection between the Kamboj and the Arains, then, an inevitable consequence of this misdemeanor must also be faced-- that is, besides the Arains of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pakistan, many clans of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jatts and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajputs like the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhillon, Gorayas, Sandas (Sandha?), Thathus/Thathas/Thathials, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naru/Narma/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narwa, Babbar, Khakh, Janjuhan (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janjua?), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kharal, Harrals, Lakas, Langhas/Lahnghas, Bhuttas, Varyas/Barias, Barah/Warah, the Kathias of http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ravi/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jhang, the Punwars, the Baghelas, the Balwanas, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pawar , many sections of the Rajputs from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kathiawad and the Kakezais of the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghan etc--- all these must also be treated as a Kamboja breed. This may also make a sense since the people like Kambojs (and the Kathis and the Gujjars etc) are the oldest surviving tribal identities and rest of the people named above are simply the (later-time) derived castes/units from the ancient classical tribes like the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kambojas, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sakas, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yavanas, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pahlavas, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradas, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rishikas, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huna, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gurjara etc etc. The process of "occupationalization" (caste-formation) surely and slowly went on as the centuries rolled by, thus, finally emerging into a picture as we see it today.
See also Raja Karan: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raja_Karan
No connection Between the Kambojs and Arains
There is no connection between the Arains and the Kamboj/Kamboh. The Kamboj have persistently denied any relation as Mr William Crook has commented. Whereas the term "Arain" is an occupational caste and is a mixture of diverse ethnic elements which occurred over the time, the term "Kamboj" represents purely a http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribe name. William Crook also observes that none of the important clan names of the Arains occur in the 52 sub-division of the Kamboh/Kamboj . In the undivided Punjab, the Moslem Kamboj and Moslem Arains were coexisting as distinct groups together with other communities like the Jatts, Rajputs etc; and in the same villages, there were found both the Moslem Arains as well as the Moslem Kambohs, hence the assertion of Mr W. E. Purser or J. Wilson that the Arains are merely the Kamboh converts to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam loses all its argumental force. So much so, the later authorities like Sir Denzil Ibbetson, H. A. Rose, Col. J. M Wikeley and others had frankly admitted that the supposed relationship between the Arains and the Kambohs/(Kambojs) is doubtful and it does not perhaps have any further basis than the fact that both the Kambohs as well as Arains came from the west and that both are of equal agricultural repute etc... . Citing several forceful arguments, independent and unbiased scholars like Principal Sewa Singh, have rejected in toto the hypthesis on Arain connections with the Kambojs . Of the numerous castes of the Kamboj, only about twenty unimportant clan names overlap with the Arains. Thus, Gaure, Momi, Handa are the only important clans of the Kamboj shared with the Arains . On the other hand, over sixty of Arain clans overlap with those of the Punjab Jatts, and about twenty with those of the Rajputs. Some important Arain clans overlapping with the Rajputs are Siroha, Janjua, Chauhan, Bhatti, Bhutta (or Bhutto), Chachar, Indrai/Indhar, Joiya, Khokhar etc. Hence, like the Rajputs and the Jatts, the Arains also represent an occupational http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caste, rather than a single http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic group which the Kamboj undoubtedly are, and therefore, the Arains, in all probability, are a mixture of numerous diverse ethnic elements from the ancient Sakas, Kambojas, Yavanas, Pahlavas, Hunas, Gurjaras etc. It is notable that the title of Mahar is prevalent both among the Arains as well as the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gujjars .
 List of Kamboj Gotras (clans)
For more expanded list of Kamboj clans visit:
52 Gotras: Azad, Abdal, Ajpal/Ajapal, Angiarey, Asoi, Bahujad, Bage, Ban/Bhaun/Bhawan, Barar, Batti/Bhatti, Basra, Chak, Chandi, Chandna/Chandne/Chand, Chatrath, Daberah, Dhot/Dhat/Dhudi, Dote, Dulai, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Handas/Handey, Jaiya/Joiye/Jie, Jammu, Jaspal/Jakhpal, Jatmal, Josan/Jossan, Jaura/Jaure, Judge/Juj, Kadi or Karhi, Khere, Kosle/Kausle, Karanpal, Kaura/Kaure, Kayar/Kaiyar, Khinda/Khinde/Khande, Kirgil, Lori/Laure, Mardak, Mehrok/Mehroke/Mirok/Marok, Momi, Mutti/Moti, Nandha/Nanda/Nandey, Nagpal, Nagri/Nagra, Nandan, Nibber/Nibher, Padhu/Pandhu, Patanroy/Patanrai, Pran, Ratanpal, Sama/Samey, Sandha/Sandhey, Sandher, Sandheyer/Sandheer, Sawan, Soi/Sohi, Shahi, Suner, Tandne/Tandna, Tarikha/Trikhe/Trikh, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thind, Tume, Turne/Turna, Vinayak, Pathan/Pathane, Unmal.
84 Gotras : Aglawe/Aglawey, Ambri/Ambrey, Angotre, Bagwan/Bagyan, Bahia, Bala/Bali, Bangwa/Bangwai, Bangar/Bangare, Banjahal/Bhunjal, Banur, Barham, Bargote/Barhgotey, Bassi/Basi, Bastorh, Beeharh/Beharh, Bhujang, Brahman/Behman, Chamri/Chimre, Chaupal/Chaufal, Cherta/Churta/Churawat, Chhanan/Chhiyanwe, Chhichhoti/Chhichhote/Chhachhate/Chhachha, Chichare/Chachare, Chimne/Chimni/Chimna, Chine/Chini/China, Churiye/Chirwey/Chidey/Charway, Dange, Datane/Dotane/Datana/Dutane, Dehar/Dehal, Dehgal/Duggal, Dhare, Dheel/Dhillan, Dhehte, Dode, Doliyan, Fokni, Gadre or Gadra, Gagre/Gagra, Gagwaik, Gande/Gandi, Gandheyor/Gandhare/Gandhi, Gaure/Gore/Rai Gore/Gori, Geelawe, Ghasitey, Gogan/Gugan, Gosiley, Gal/Gayile, Ghangra, Harse, Jade/Jarhe, Jagman, Judge Jande/Jandu, Jangle/Jangla, Jhamb/Jham, Jhand/Jhandu, / Camari/Kamari/Kamare, Khokhar, Kokar/Kakar/Kakra, Kukri/Kukar, Lahre/Lehri, Lakhi, Lahndey/Landei, Late/Lata, Lahange/Lahinga/Lahinde, Lall, Machhliye/Machhle, Magu/Mage, Mahesi/Mahes, Makore/Makkar, Mall, Momsarang, Sarang, Mandey/Mande, Melle/Malle, Multani, Nagambr/Nigambar, Nehriye/Nehre/Ner/Naru/Nehru/Nauhriye, Nepal/Nipal/Naipal, Nuri, Pandey/Pandhey, Padhasi, Rindi, Sainik, Sandle, Sathand, Senpati/Senapati, Sapre Or Sapra/Sawre, Sarnote/Sarkude, Satte, Sauki/Soki, Soni, Suhagi/Suhage/Suage, Sunehre, Silahre/Sulahre/Sulare/Sular/Sulehre, Sulhiro, Tande, Tagal/Tugal, Taparhiye, Thathai/Thathaiya/Thathe, Thingrey/Thengrey.
Re: Kamboj Tribe and History
kalra is originally a kamboj gotra, there are many gotras of kambojas overlapped with arora, jat ,and rajput, because kamboj is one of the ancient kshatriya tribes and the jat,arora and rajputs are the communities formed from those kshatriya tribes appx 1000 to 1500 year ago, so these tribes (arora,jat,rajput) contains gotras of their ancestor kshatriyas, and kambojas are one of them, thats why you will find many such gotras. And for your info "kalra" is a major gotra of 84gotra group of kambojs.