ajj de din di SIKH HISTORY
DOSTO AJJ DE DIN DI SIKH HISTORY CH,, I WILL TRY AND POST HERE,, WHAT HAPPENED IN THE PAST,, AJJ DE DIN,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
First year classess of Khalsa College were held in Amritsar. The first year classes of Khalsa College were held in the newly and partly built building in Amritsar, near the present Guru Nanak Dev University campus.
Firing at the Sees Ganj, Delhi. The police fired on Gurudwara Sees Ganj, Delhi. Congress workers had entered the Gurdwara premises and were throwing brickbats on police. In retaliation, the police fired, when the bullets hit Guru Granth Sahib. This caused widespread resentment among the Sikhs. The SGPC launched a campaign for boycott and picketing of foreign cloth shops in protest against this firing. Though Kharak Singh sought to maintain a distinct identity of the Sees Ganj agitation, it certainly gave strength to the Civil Disobedience Movement. Sikhs contributions to this movement was disproportionately large.
-Source The Sikhs in History, by Sangat Singh, 1995
Re: ajj de din di SIKH HISTORY
<TABLE class=contentpaneopen><TBODY><TR><TD class=contentheading width="100%">Sikh Martyrs:Chalih Mukte </TD><TD class=buttonheading align=right width="100%"> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE><TABLE class=contentpaneopen><TBODY><TR><TD vAlign=top colSpan=2>Chalih Mukte, lit. forty (chali) liberated ones (mukte), is how a band of 40 brave Sikhs who laid down their lives fighting near the dhab or lake of Khidrana, also called Isharsar, on 29 December 1705 against a Mughal force in chase of Guru Gobind Singh are remembered in Sikh history and daily in the Sikh ardas or supplicatory prayer offered individually or at gatherings at the end of all religious services. Guru Gobind Singh, who had watched the battle from a nearby mound praised the martyrs' valour and blessed them as Chali Mukte, the Forty Immortals. After them Khidrana became Muktsar - the Pool of Liberation. Etymologically, mukta from Sanskrit mukt means 'liberated, delivered, emancipated,' especially from the cycle of birth and death. Mukti (liberation, emancipation) in Sikhism is the highest spiritual goal of human existence, and mukt or mukta is the one who has achieved this state of final beatitude. Mukta, also means a pearl, and the word would thus signify a title or epithet of distinction. It was probably in this sense that the five Sikhs, who on 30 March 1699 received the vows of the Khalsa immediately after the first five Panj Piare (q.v.), were blessed with the title mukta, plural mukte.
The term Chali Mukte is also used sometimes for the martyrs whom a huge arrny, in pursuit since the evacuation of Anandpur by Guru Gobind Singh during the night 5-6 December, caught up with and encircled at Chamkaur on 7 December, and who engaged the enemy in small sorties throughout the day with the result that the Guru with three other survivors was able to escape during the following night. While there is no unanimity over the names of the martyrs of Muktsar and Chamkaur Sahib, the five Muktas who comprised the first batch of Sikhs to receive amrit at the hands of the Panj Piare are given in Rahitnama by Bhai Daya Singh as Ram Singh, Fateh Singh, Deva Singh, Tahil Singh and Isar Singh. No other details of these five are available except that an old manuscript of Bhai Prahlad Singh's Rahitnama is said to contain a note associating Ram Singh and Deva Singh with the village of Bughiana, Tahil Singh and Isar Singh with Dall-Van and Fateh Singh with Kurdpur Mangat. According to Bhai Chaupa Singh, his Rahitnama or code of conduct was drafted by muktas. The text is said to have received Guru Gobind Singh's approval on 7 Jeth 1757 Bk / 5 May 1700. It appears that the title of mukta was bestowed subsequently also on persons other than the original five. The number of muktas is recorded variously in old Sikh texts. For instance, Kesar Singh Chhibbar, Bansavallnama Dasan Patshahlan Ka, mentions 14, and Kuir Singh, gurbilas Patshahi X, 25.
But muktas universally celebrated in the Sikh tradition are the forty martyrs of Muktsar who earned this title by sacrificing their lives for the Guru and who redeemed their past apostasy of having disowned the Guru and deserted him driven to desperation by the prolonged siege of Anandpur by the hill chiefs and Mughal forces by having their disclaimer torn by the Guru. They were led by Mai Bhago and Mahan Singh Brar.
The names of the Chalih Mukte are listed below:
(1). Bhai Bhag Singh (2). Bhai Dilbag Singh (3). Bhai Mann Singh (4). Bhai Nidhan Singh (5). Bhai Kharbara Singh (6). Bhai Darbara Singh (7). Bhai Dyal Singh (8). Bhai Nihal Singh (9). Bhai Khushal Singh (10). Bhai Ganda Singh (11). Bhai Ishmer Singh (12). Bhai Singha (13). Bhai Bhalla Singh (14). Bhai Suhel Singh (15). Bhai Chamba Singh (16). Bhai Ganga Singh (17). Bhai Sumer Singh (18). Bhai Sultan Singh (19). Bhai Maya Singh (20). Bhai Massa Singh (21). Bhai Sarja Singh (22). Bhai Sadhu Singh (23). Bhai Gulab Singh (24). Bhai Harsa Singh (25). Bhai Sangat Singh (26). Bhai Hari Singh (27). Bhai Dhana Singh (28). Bhai Karam Singh (29). Bhai Kirt Singh (30). Bhai Lachman Singh (31). Bhai Buddha Singh (32). Bhai Kesho Singh (33). Bhai Jado Singh (34). Bhai Sobha Singh (35). Bhai Bhanga Singh (36). Bhai Joga Singh (37). Bhai Dharam Singh (38). Bhai Karam Singh (39). Bhai Kala Singh (40). Bhai Mahan Singh
Re: ajj de din di SIKH HISTORY
<TABLE class=eventFont cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 width="100%" align=center bgColor=#addeff border=0><TBODY><TR><TD vAlign=top align=middle colSpan=3 height="10%">10<SUP>th</SUP> May</TD></TR><TR vAlign=top><TD vAlign=top align=middle width="10%">1479</TD><TD vAlign=top align=right></TD><TD vAlign=top align=justify>Prakash Utsav(Birthday), Third Patshahi, .
</TD></TR><TR vAlign=top><TD vAlign=top align=middle width="10%">1887</TD><TD vAlign=top align=right></TD><TD vAlign=top align=justify> sought help of Russian ruler Alexander III to fight against the British government.
</TD></TR><TR vAlign=top><TD vAlign=top align=middle width="10%">1924</TD><TD vAlign=top align=right></TD><TD vAlign=top align=justify>6th Jatha of 500 Akalis, led by Prem Singh of Kokri, started its march to Jaito.
</TD></TR><TR vAlign=top><TD vAlign=top align=middle width="10%">1930</TD><TD vAlign=top align=right></TD><TD vAlign=top align=justify> arrested for marching in support of atrocities against Pathans.
</TD></TR><TR vAlign=top><TD vAlign=top align=middle width="10%">1955</TD><TD vAlign=top align=right></TD><TD vAlign=top align=justify>Agitation launched against the imposition of ban on the slogan Zindabad" was launched. 10,000 courted arrests. This is known as a small agitation for Punjabi Suba.
</TD></TR><TR vAlign=top><TD vAlign=top align=middle width="10%">1984</TD><TD vAlign=top align=right></TD><TD vAlign=top align=justify>Giani Pratap Singh, Jathedar Sri Akal Takhat is murdered.</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>