Manic-depressive disorder or Bipolar disorder refers to the psychological disorder in which a person has severe mood swings ranging from overly elated feelings to overly depressed feelings. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that brings about unusual changes in a patient’s energy, mood, and ability to function normally. These periods of “highs” (mania) and “lows” (depression) are separated by periods of normalcy in some individuals whereas in others these episodes of depression and mania may rapidly alternate, known as rapid cycling. Bipolar disorder is very difficult to diagnose even for medical health professionals and cannot be confirmed by a blood test. The disorder has been observed to start during early adulthood (although it can start at any age) and it is usually diagnosed from accounts reported by the person suffering from it or from closely related individuals who have observed the unusual behavior. Both men and women are affected by bipolar disorder and it affects people from all strata and cultures. Genetic factors heavily contribute to the probability of developing this disorder and those with a family history of manic-depressive illness are more prone to get affected by it. Generally, manic depression is inconsistent among the sufferers as the degree of mood swings varies from person to person. Explore the following pointers to know the signs and symptoms of manic depression.
Symptoms Of Manic Depression
The symptoms of bipolar disorder vary for different individuals; some might experience more depressive episodes and very little mania, whereas others experience predominantly manic symptoms.
Manic state differ from person to person, some feel anxious and irritable while other experience feelings of euphoria. Genetic as well as environmental factors are implicated in contributing to the development of bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a serious psychological disorder and has to be treated medically. Psychiatrists prescribe mood-stabilizing drugs as well as other psychiatric drugs in treating a patient with bipolar disorder. In certain cases where the patient experiences severe manic and depressive episodes over a period of a time and there is a likelihood of harm to self or others around, involuntary commitment may be used to ensure the safety of the individual as well as others around them.