Video: 400 Years Celebration of SGGS
For those who missed to go to Shri Harmandar Sahin during 400 Years celebration of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaj.
Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji Maharaj is an anthology of prayers and hymns. Most of the hymns are addressed to God and often describe the devotee's condition: his aspirations and yearning, his agony in separation and his longing to be with Lord. The subject of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji is truth: how to live a truthful living, that is, an ultimate for an ideal person. As Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji states in the Mool Mantar, God is the Ultimate Truth and one has to cultivate those qualities which are associated with him, in order to like Him. The basic concept behind the hymns is that sacred music, when sung or listened to with devotion and undivided attention, can link the individual's consciousness with God. A mind may become stable and enjoy the peace of His divine Presence, as listening to the hymns can exert a powerful influence on the mind and help to establish its communion with God.
Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji was first compiled by Sri Guru Arjan Dev Sahib Ji at Amritsar between 1600-1604, Guru Ji narrated the Gurbani (verses) and Bhai Gurdas Sahib Ji was the scribe.
Guru Sahib had collected the works of the previous Gurus and then added works from other saints and his own Gurbani. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji was first installed at Harimandar Sahib (Golden Temple, Amritsar) on the 16th of August 1604 with Baba Buddha Sahib Ji being the first Granthi (reciter/custodian).
Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji consists of 1430 Aangs (limbs) and it contains the Banis (the sacred compositions) of the first five Gurus and the ninth Guru as well as a number of passages of verses written by several saints from Muslims, Hindus and so called "untouchables". Altogether, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji includes 5894 Shabads (hymns or holy verses) which are arranged in 31 Ragas (musical measures). The first verse is Mool Mantar (or Mantra), the Root Verse, followed by daily prayer or Nitnem. The remaining verses have been arranged according to their individual musical patterns or Raags which began with Siri Raag and end with Jai-jiwanti.
Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji gave the final form to Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji by including Sri Guru Teg Bahadar Sahib Ji's Gurbani in the period 1705-1706. Bhai Mani Singh Ji was granted the seva of being the scribe.
Just before His departure from the world on the 7th of October 1708, Guru Sahib installed Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji as the Sikhs final and everlasting Guru.
In 1708 AD at Sri Hazoor Sahib, Nanded, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji said in the presence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji and five Amritdhari Singhs:
"With the blessing of God the Khalsa Panth was created, all Sikhs have a commandment to believe in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, which is the living embodiment of the 10 Guru's. Whatever you desire can be obtained by meditating on the Shabad (Verses) of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji."